Supercritical Fluids

Fundamentals and Applications

  • Erdogan Kiran
  • Pablo G. Debenedetti
  • Cor J. Peters

Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NSSE, volume 366)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. J. M. H. Levelt Sengers
    Pages 1-29
  3. G. M. Schneider, C. B. Kautz, D. Tuma
    Pages 31-68
  4. M. A. Anisimov, J. V. Sengers
    Pages 89-121
  5. P. M. W. Cornelisse, C. J. Peters
    Pages 193-209
  6. J. J. Watkins, G. D. Brown, M. A. Pollard, V. S. Ramachandrarao, T. P. Russell
    Pages 277-289
  7. Keith P. Johnston, Peter J. Rossky
    Pages 323-343
  8. S. C. Tucker, G. Goodyear
    Pages 395-424
  9. A. Kruse, H. Ederer, C. Mas, H. Schmieder
    Pages 439-450

About this book

Introduction

Supercritical fluids are neither gas nor liquid, but can be compressed gradually from low to high density and they are therefore interesting and important as tunable solvents and reaction media in the chemical process industry. By adjusting the density the properties of these fluids can be customised and manipulated for a given process - physical or chemical transformation. Separation and processing using supercritical solvents such as CO2 are currently on-line commercially in the food, essential oils and polymer industries. Many agencies and industries are considering the use of supercritical water for waste remediation. Supercritical fluid chromatography represents another, major analytical application. Significant advances have recently been made in materials processing, ranging from particle formation to the creation of porous materials.

The chapters in this book provide tutorial accounts of topical areas centred around: (1) phase equilibria, thermodynamics and equations of state; (2) critical behaviour, crossover effects; (3) transport and interfacial properties; (4) molecular modelling, computer simulation; (5) reactions, spectroscopy; (6) phase separation kinetics; (7) extractions; (8) applications to polymers, pharmaceuticals, natural materials and chromatography; (9) process scale-up.

Keywords

Copolymer chemistry extraction methanol polymer pressure separation process spectroscopy thermodynamics tissue water

Editors and affiliations

  • Erdogan Kiran
    • 1
  • Pablo G. Debenedetti
    • 2
  • Cor J. Peters
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemical TechnologyDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-3929-8
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-7923-6236-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-3929-8
  • Series Print ISSN 0168-132X
  • About this book
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