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Polymer Phase Behavior: Todays Achievements and Tomorrows Needs

  • L. A. L. Kleintjens
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Part of the NATO Science Series book series (NSSE, volume 366)

Abstract

One of the key success factors in today’s polymers industry is the economy of scale. High pressure production units with a capacity up to 500,000 tonnes of polymer a year are being built. It goes without saying that thermodynamic optimization of such processes is a must, minor improvements will lead to significant cost savings. However, the thermodynamic models used in these industrial process optimizations are mostly of a semi-empirical nature. There are at least three reasons for this. In the first place, most of the process streams consist of at least 5 constituents (one of them being a (co)polymer with its intrinsic polydispersity). Secondly, almost all separation steps have to be carried out at an elevated pressure. And thirdly, polymer solutions are usually highly viscous. All transport phenomena and the settlement of thermodynamic equilibria are thus affected by this viscosity.

Keywords

Cloud Point Polymer Blend Vinylidene Fluoride Liquid Crystalline Polymer Ethyl Acrylate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. A. L. Kleintjens
    • 1
  1. 1.DSM ResearchGeleenThe Netherlands

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