Late Cainozoic Floras of Iceland

15 Million Years of Vegetation and Climate History in the Northern North Atlantic

  • Thomas Denk
  • Friðgeir Grimsson
  • Reinhard Zetter
  • Leifur A. Símonarson

Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 35)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvi
  2. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 1-29
  3. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 31-43
  4. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 45-171
  5. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 173-231
  6. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 233-290
  7. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 291-367
  8. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 369-414
  9. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 415-449
  10. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 451-490
  11. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 491-554
  12. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 555-645
  13. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 647-668
  14. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 669-721
  15. Thomas Denk, Friðgeir Grímsson, Reinhard Zetter, Leifur A. Símonarson
    Pages 723-824
  16. Back Matter
    Pages 825-854

About this book

Introduction

Being the only place in the northern North Atlantic yielding late Cainozoic terrestrial sediments rich in plant fossils, Iceland provides a unique archive for vegetation and climate development in this region. This book includes the complete plant fossil record from Iceland spanning the past 15 million years. Eleven sedimentary rock formations containing over 320 plant taxa are described. For each flora, palaeoecology and floristic affinities within the Northern Hemisphere are established. The exceptional fossil record allows a deeper understanding of the role of the “North Atlantic Land Bridge” for intercontinental plant migration and of the Gulf Stream-North Atlantic Current system for regional climatic evolution.

’Iceland sits as a “fossil trap” on one of the most interesting biogeographic exchange routes on the planet - the North Atlantic. The fossil floras of Iceland document both local vegetational response to global climate change, and more importantly, help to document the nature of biotic migration across the North Atlantic in the last 15 million years. In this state-of-the-art volume, the authors place sequential floras in their paleogeographic, paleoclimatic and geologic context, and extract a detailed history of biotic response to the dynamics of physical change.’

Bruce H. Tiffney, University of California, Santa Barbara

 

’This beautifully-illustrated monograph of the macro- and microfloras from the late Cenozoic of Iceland is a worthy successor to Oswald Heer’s “Flora fossilis arctica”. Its broad scope makes it a must for all scientists interested in climatic change and palaeobiogeography in the North Atlantic region. It will remain a classic for years to come.’

David K. Ferguson, University of Vienna

Keywords

Biogeography Cainozoic Iceland Plant fossils Vegetation Histor

Authors and affiliations

  • Thomas Denk
    • 1
  • Friðgeir Grimsson
    • 2
  • Reinhard Zetter
    • 3
  • Leifur A. Símonarson
    • 4
  1. 1., Department of PalaeobotanySwedish Museum of Natural HistoryStockholmSweden
  2. 2.University of ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3., Department of PalaeontologyUniversity of Vienna, GeocentreViennaAustria
  4. 4., Institute of Earth SciencesUniversity of IcelandReykjavikIceland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0372-8
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-94-007-0371-1
  • Online ISBN 978-94-007-0372-8
  • Series Print ISSN 0275-0120
  • About this book
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