Canopy Photosynthesis: From Basics to Applications

  • Kouki Hikosaka
  • Ülo Niinemets
  • Niels P.R. Anten

Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 42)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxxiii
  2. Physical Processes in Leaf Canopies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Jan Goudriaan
      Pages 3-22
  3. Physiological Processes from Leaves to Canopies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 59-59
    2. Kouki Hikosaka, Ko Noguchi, Ichiro Terashima
      Pages 61-100
    3. Thijs L. Pons
      Pages 143-168
  4. Whole-Plant Processes in Leaf Canopies

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 169-169
    2. Mieke de Wit, Ronald Pierik
      Pages 171-186
    3. David R. Woodruff, Frederick C. Meinzer, Katherine A. McCulloh
      Pages 187-217
  5. Assessments of Vegetation Functioning

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 237-237
    2. Kouki Hikosaka, Tomo’omi Kumagai, Akihiko Ito
      Pages 239-268
    3. Toshiyuki Ohtsuka, Nobuko Saigusa, Yasuo Iimura, Hiroyuki Muraoka, Hiroshi Koizumi
      Pages 333-351
  6. Application to Ecological and Evolutionary Processes

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 353-353
    2. Niels P. R. Anten
      Pages 355-377
    3. Niels P. R. Anten, Lammert Bastiaans
      Pages 379-398

About this book

Introduction

A plant canopy, a collection of leaves, is an ecosystem-level unit of photosynthesis that assimilates carbon dioxide and exchanges other gases and energy with the atmosphere in a manner highly sensitive to ambient conditions including atmospheric carbon dioxide and water vapor concentrations, light and temperature, and soil resource availability. In addition to providing carbon skeletons and chemical energy for most of the living organisms, these key  canopy functions affect global climate through modification of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and through altering surface albedo. This interaction, the climate-carbon cycle feedback, is one of the most uncertain processes for projection of future global climate.

This book describes our current knowledge of canopy photosynthesis that has accumulated over the last hundred years since the pioneering study of P. Boysen Jensen. The book provides a comprehensive analysis of plant canopy physiology, ecology and physics with emphasis on predictive modeling techniques. The book is divided into five parts covering hierarchy of canopy processes in time and space. Two chapters in Part 1 discuss the basic physical processes on light attenuation and energy transfer in plant canopies, while three chapters in Part 2 deal with the principle mechanisms of leaf gas-exchange regulation and the patterns and mechanisms of variations in leaf traits. Three chapters in Part 3 focus on whole-plant processes in plant canopies. Part 4 (in four chapters) describes how vegetation functions are assessed by modeling, eddy-covariance techniques, and remote sensing and forest inventory. Finally, three chapters in Part 5 discuss the relationships between canopy photosynthesis and other vegetation processes in plant stands.

Keywords

Canopy function Canopy photosynthesis Ecosystem function Global change Plant ecophysiology

Editors and affiliations

  • Kouki Hikosaka
    • 1
  • Ülo Niinemets
    • 2
  • Niels P.R. Anten
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School of Life SciencesTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Environmental SciencesEstonian University of Life Sciences Institute of Agricultural andTartuEstonia
  3. 3.Crop and Weed Ecology, Centre for Crop Systems AnalysisWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-7291-4
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-94-017-7290-7
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-7291-4
  • Series Print ISSN 1572-0233
  • Series Online ISSN 2215-0102
  • About this book