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Topological Defects and the Non-Equilibrium Dynamics of Symmetry Breaking Phase Transitions

  • Yuriy M. Bunkov
  • Henri Godfrin

Part of the NATO Science Series book series (ASIC, volume 549)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-vii
  2. G. E. Volovik
    Pages 1-6
  3. W. H. Zurek, L. M. A. Bettencourt, J. Dziarmaga, N. D. Antunes
    Pages 77-103
  4. C. Bäuerle, Yu. M. Bunkov, S. N. Fisher, H. Godfrin
    Pages 105-120
  5. Adriaan M. J. Schakel
    Pages 213-238
  6. Éric Varoquaux
    Pages 303-323
  7. V. B. Eltsov, M. Krusius
    Pages 325-344
  8. D. I. Bradley, G. R. Pickett
    Pages 345-351
  9. G. E. Volovik
    Pages 353-387
  10. Back Matter
    Pages 389-394

About this book

Introduction

Topological defects formed at symmetry-breaking phase transitions play an important role in many different fields of physics. They appear in many condensed-matter systems at low temperature; examples include vortices in superfluid helium-4, a rich variety of defects in helium-3, quantized mag­ netic flux tubes in type-II superconductors, and disclination lines and other defects in liquid crystals. In cosmology, unified gauge theories of particle interactions suggest a sequence of phase transitions in the very early uni­ verse some of which may lead to defect formation. In astrophysics, defects play an important role in the dynamics of neutron stars. In 1997 the European Science Foundation started the scientific network "Topological defects" headed by Tom Kibble. This network has provided us with a unique opportunity of establishing a collaboration between the representatives of these very different branches of modern physics. The NATO-ASI (Advanced Study Institute), held in Les Houches in February 1999 thanks to the support of the Scientific Division of NATO, the European Science Foundation and the CNRS, represents a key event of this ESF network. It brought together participants from widely different fields, with diverse expertise and vocabulary, fostering the exchange of ideas. The lectures given by particle physicists, cosmologists and condensed matter physicists are the result of the fruitful collaborations established since 1997 between groups in several European countries and in the U.S.A.

Keywords

Cosmology EFE Phase Transition Phase Transitions STEM Universe

Editors and affiliations

  • Yuriy M. Bunkov
    • 1
  • Henri Godfrin
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre de Recherches sur les Très Basses TempératureC.N.R.S.GrenobleFrance

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-4106-2
  • Copyright Information Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-0-7923-6205-0
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-4106-2
  • Series Print ISSN 1389-2185
  • Buy this book on publisher's site