The Use of Historical Data in Natural Hazard Assessments

  • Thomas Glade
  • Paola Albini
  • Félix Francés

Part of the Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research book series (NTHR, volume 17)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxv
  2. Earthquakes

  3. Floods

  4. Landslides

  5. Back Matter
    Pages 217-222

About this book

Introduction

Natural hazards such as earthquakes, landslides, floods, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, and hurricanes cause environmental, economic as well as sociological problems worldwide. In recent years, greater availability of information and sensational media reports of natural hazard occurrence -and in particular in terms of property damage or loss oflife caused by these hazards -resulted in an increase of hazard awareness at a societal level. This increase in public awareness has often been misconstrued as an indication that natural hazards have been occurring more frequently with higher magnitudes in recent years/decades, thus causing more damage than in the past. It is still under debate, however, to which extent recent increases in damage can be related to changing frequencies of natural processes, or whether catastrophic events occur at similar rates as they always had. If the latter is the case, the reason for a greater damage can be related to dramatic population growth over the last century, with a substantial augmentation of population density in some regions. Indeed, the implications are more server in underdeveloped and developing countries, where urbanisation has increasingly occurred in hazard prone areas such as coastal zones, alluvial river plains and steep slopes, thus causing an increase in the exposure to natural hazards. Some groups of society in wealthy countries accept higher risks in order to live directly on top of a cliff or on a steep slope to enjoy panoramic views of the landscape.

Keywords

data analysis development earthquake formation hazard history modelling organization research seismic

Editors and affiliations

  • Thomas Glade
    • 1
  • Paola Albini
    • 2
  • Félix Francés
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of BonnGermany
  2. 2.Instituto Nazionale di Geofisica e VulcanologiaMilanoItaly
  3. 3.Departamento de Ingeniería Hidráulica y Medio AmbienteUniversidad Politécnica de ValenciaValenciaSpain

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-3490-5
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2001
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-481-5762-4
  • Online ISBN 978-94-017-3490-5
  • Series Print ISSN 1878-9897
  • Series Online ISSN 2213-6959
  • About this book
Industry Sectors
Oil, Gas & Geosciences
Biotechnology