Amino Acids

Chemistry, Biology and Medicine

  • Gert Lubec
  • Gerald A. Rosenthal

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Basic chemistry, Analysis and Synthesis

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Leslie Fowden
      Pages 3-9
    3. Tomihisa Ohta, Akio Hosoi, Toshihiko Kimura, Nobuaki Sato, Kunisuke Izawa, Shigeo Nozoe
      Pages 10-20
    4. Fernand Lambein, Yu-Haey Kuo, Fumio Ikegami, Isamu Murakoshi
      Pages 21-28
    5. Haruhisa Shirahama, Kimiko Hashimoto, Miwa Yanagida, Manabu Horikawa
      Pages 39-46
    6. Eugène Neuzil, Eliane de Tinguy-Moreaud, Gilles Précigoux, Nguyen Ba Chanh, Christian Courseille
      Pages 47-55
    7. H. J. Günther, W. Park, H. Paust, P. Scigalla, V. Schenkelberger, I. Reichardt et al.
      Pages 64-70
    8. J. Kamphuis, H. F. M. Hermes, J. A. M. van Balken, H. E. Schoemaker, W. H. J. Boesten, E. M. Meijer
      Pages 119-125
    9. G. Antoni, P. Bjurling, K. J. Fasth, A. Gee, B. Långström
      Pages 126-133
    10. H. Hönig, P. Seufer-Wasserthal, H. Weber
      Pages 134-142
    11. Hans Brückner, Robert Wittner, Herbert Godel
      Pages 143-151
    12. Hans Brückner, Barbara Sorsche, Ali Esna-Ashari, Rolf Jöster
      Pages 152-158

About this book

Introduction

There is little wonder in the fact that the investigation of amino acids is of fundamental interest to scientists from so many diversified fields. If amino acids were only basic constituents of enzymes as well as structural and other proteins, this property alone would elevate them to real scientific importance. Added to this role, however, is their ability to serve as building blocks for the production of many classes of secondary metabolites. They can support the biosynthesis of a myriad of natural products including nonprotein amino acids, cyanogenic glycosides, phar­ macologically active alkaloids, certain phenols, purines and pyrimidines, nucleic acids, condensed tannins, lignins and other metabolites. The approximately twenty or so amino (and imino) acids that comprise proteins are well known; less familiar are what is now approaching 600 nonprotein amino acids that have been isolated and characterized from plant, fungal or animal sources. Investigations of the protein amino acids have proven of outstanding value in enhancing our understanding of a variety of physiological and neurological topics that affect human health and well being. Amino acids are used to probe inhibitory and excitatory transmission receptors in the brain. They contribute to our understanding of epilepsy, development of anti-epileptic drugs, production of novel y-arninobutyric acid uptake inhibitors, and acute and chronic neurodegenera­ tive disorders.

Keywords

Purine Pyrimidine amino acid biochemistry biology cell biology endocrinology lignin natural product nucleic acid pharmacology physiology protein proteins synthesis

Editors and affiliations

  • Gert Lubec
    • 1
  • Gerald A. Rosenthal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.T. H. Morgan School of Biological Sciences and The Graduate Center for ToxicologyUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-2262-7
  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 1990
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-90-72199-04-1
  • Online ISBN 978-94-011-2262-7
  • About this book
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