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Biodegradative Bacteria

How Bacteria Degrade, Survive, Adapt, and Evolve

  • Hideaki Nojiri
  • Masataka Tsuda
  • Masao Fukuda
  • Yoichi Kamagata

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-viii
  2. Genetic and Genomic Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Yuji Nagata, Michiro Tabata, Satoshi Ohhata, Masataka Tsuda
      Pages 19-41
    3. Taiki Futagami, Masatoshi Goto, Kensuke Furukawa
      Pages 59-81
    4. Masataka Tsuda, Yoshiyuki Ohtsubo, Hirokazu Yano
      Pages 83-103
    5. Masaki Shintani, Yurika Takahashi, Hideaki Nojiri
      Pages 129-152
  3. Enzyme Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 153-153
    2. Sarka Bidmanova, Eva Hrdlickova, Tana Koudelakova, Jiri Damborsky, Zbynek Prokop
      Pages 155-179
    3. Naofumi Kamimura, Eiji Masai
      Pages 207-226
    4. Ana Segura, Juan Luis Ramos
      Pages 227-248
  4. Bacterial Behavior in Natural Environmental Systems

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 265-265
    2. Kazuya Watanabe, Atsushi Kouzuma
      Pages 267-277
    3. Yoshiyuki Ohtsubo, Eri Nishiyama, Yoko Ishibashi, Yuji Nagata, Masataka Tsuda
      Pages 279-291
    4. Brett R. Baldwin, Dora Ogles, Cindy H. Nakatsu
      Pages 293-312
    5. Masanori Toyofuku, Nobuhiko Nomura
      Pages 335-352
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 353-358

About this book

Introduction

Biodegradative Bacteria highlights the novel nature of bacterial cell functions in the field of biodegradation by putting them into three parts: (1) Genetic and genomic systems, (2) Degradative enzyme systems, and (3) Bacterial behavior in natural environmental systems. The first part of the book includes cell functions as degradative machinery, genome systems for effective degradation, and the evolution of degradative systems by mobile genetic elements. The second part deals with the structure, function, evolution, diversity, and application of degradative and related enzymes. The third part presents cell or genomic behaviors of biodegradative bacteria in natural ecosystems.

Bacterial metabolic capacity, which plays an important role in the global material cycle, contributes significantly to the buffering capacity for the huge and unintended release of various chemicals. Recently, however, the prosperity and globalization of material civilization has led not only to severe local contamination by hazardous chemicals, but also to continuous increment of contaminant concentrations worldwide. To solve such urgent global issues, bacterial functions that are involved in biodegradation of hazardous chemicals have been analyzed. The term “biodegradative bacteria” refers to those bacteria that have the ability to degrade such xenobiotic (man-made) and/or hazardous chemicals. Analyses of biodegradative bacteria include diverse areas of study, such as genetics, enzymology, genomics, cell physiology, ecology, and evolutionary biology. In other words, the targets investigated in research on biodegradative bacteria include single molecules, single cell systems, bacterial consortia (interaction with surrounding microorganisms), and interaction with surrounding biotic and abiotic materials. Such complexity makes the research on biodegradative bacteria difficult but quite interesting.

                                                     

Keywords

Biodegradation Bioremediation Ecology Enzyme Genome

Editors and affiliations

  • Hideaki Nojiri
    • 1
  • Masataka Tsuda
    • 2
  • Masao Fukuda
    • 3
  • Yoichi Kamagata
    • 4
  1. 1.Biotechnology Research CenterThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Life SciencesTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  3. 3.Department of BioengineeringNagaoka University of TechnologyNagaokaJapan
  4. 4.Bioproduction Research InstituteNat'l Inst of Adv Industr Sci and TechSapporoJapan

Bibliographic information

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Pharma
Biotechnology
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