Applied Physics B

, 124:66 | Cite as

Mid-infrared heterodyne phase-sensitive dispersion spectroscopy using difference frequency generation

  • Pedro Martín-Mateos
  • Borja Jerez
  • Cristina de Dios
  • Pablo Acedo
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Mid-infrared and THz Laser Sources and Applications


Difference frequency generation is a flexible method for the generation of mid-infrared light. It allows downshifting a near-infrared optical signal to the mid-infrared region by means of a nonlinear process, enabling to take full advantage of the availability of optical communications components for the generation of the multi-tone signals that are characteristic of molecular dispersion spectroscopic methods. In this way, it is possible to avoid several issues associated with optical instruments in which directly modulated mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers are employed. In this paper, we take full advantage of this benefit to implement the first heterodyne phase sensitive dispersion spectroscopy gas sensor based on a difference frequency generation source. The performance of the instrument is validated by detecting with high sensitivity methane in the 3.4 µm mid-infrared band.



The authors would like to thank the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness for supporting the project under the Grant TEC-2014-52147-R (MOSSI). The work by Borja Jerez has been performed in the frame of a FPU Program, #FPU014/06338, granted by the Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electronics Technology DepartmentUniversidad Carlos III de MadridLeganésSpain

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