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Normal Fundus

  • Sameeksha Tadepalli
  • Aniruddha Agarwal
  • Mohit Dogra
  • Vishali Gupta
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Normal fundus is the orange-yellow visible part of the retina. It comprises the optic disc, vascular arcades, macula, and ora serrata. Optic disc is a 1.5 mm diameter area marking the location of exit of retinal nerve fibers. Area centralis is the central part of the retina which includes fovea centralis, parafovea, and perifovea. Peripheral retina is the area beyond the macula, divided as near, mid, and far periphery. Structures seen include the equator, short and long ciliary nerves, ampullae of vortex veins, and the ora serrata.

Keywords

Optic Nerve Optic Disc Retinal Vessel Visible Part Central Retinal Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

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  3. Ryan SJ, MD, Schachat AP, MD, Wilkinson CP, MD, Hinton DR, MD, Sadda SR, MD Wiedemann P, MD. Retina. 5th ed. Elsevier: Canada; 2013.Google Scholar
  4. Yanoff M, Duker JS, . Ophthalmology. 4th ed. Elsevier: Canada; 2014.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sameeksha Tadepalli
    • 1
  • Aniruddha Agarwal
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mohit Dogra
    • 1
  • Vishali Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Eye CentrePost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye CenterPost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia
  3. 3.Stanley M. Truhlsen Eye InstituteUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA

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