Normal fundus is the orange-yellow visible part of the retina. It comprises the optic disc, vascular arcades, macula, and ora serrata. Optic disc is a 1.5 mm diameter area marking the location of exit of retinal nerve fibers. Area centralis is the central part of the retina which includes fovea centralis, parafovea, and perifovea. Peripheral retina is the area beyond the macula, divided as near, mid, and far periphery. Structures seen include the equator, short and long ciliary nerves, ampullae of vortex veins, and the ora serrata.
KeywordsOptic Nerve Optic Disc Retinal Vessel Visible Part Central Retinal Artery
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