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Cystoid Macular Edema

  • Reema Bansal
  • Vishali Gupta
  • Amod Gupta
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Uveitis, particularly intermediate or posterior uveitis, is often complicated by the presence of cystoid macular edema (CME) that causes significant visual loss. Fundus fluorescein angiography plays an important role in demonstrating cystoid macular edema and co-existing manifestations of active uveitis. Optical coherence tomography helps in monitoring response to therapy. Treatment of uveitic macular edema involves the use of corticosteroids as standard of care by topical, periocular, intravitreal, oral or intravenous route, depending upon the severity of edema and laterality. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy is a good alternative in uveitic cystoid macular edema. Immunosuppressive agents may be indicated in refractory CME.

Keywords

Optical Coherence Tomography Tuberculin Skin Test Fluorescein Angiography Cystoid Macular Edema Posterior Uveitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. Antcliff RJ, Stanford MR, Chauhan DS, et al. Comparison between optical coherence tomography and fundus fluorescein angiography for the detection of cystoid macular edema in patients with uveitis. Ophthalmology. 2000;107:593–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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  3. Schaap Fogler M, Amer R, Friling R, et al. Anti TNF α agents for refractory cystoid macular edema associated with noninfectious uveitis. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2014;252:633–40.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer (India) Pvt. Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Advanced Eye CentrePost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and ResearchChandigarhIndia

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