Encyclopedia of Continuum Mechanics

Living Edition
| Editors: Holm Altenbach, Andreas Öchsner

Avalanches in Solids, Theory and Experiments

  • Karin A. Dahmen
  • Wendelin J. Wright
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53605-6_73-1

Synonyms

Definitions

Avalanches are domino-like processes where one event triggers another.

Bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) are noncrystalline metals, typically produced by rapid quenching and comprising three or more elements. The need for rapid quenching limits the thickness of metallic glasses in one dimension.

The complementary cumulative distribution C(S) of avalanche sizes S gives the probability of finding an avalanche with size greater than S.

A low-pass filter is an electronic circuit that passes signals with frequencies lower than a specified cutoff frequency and attenuates signals with frequencies higher than the cutoff frequency.

Mean-field theory is an approximation to a model for which the physical interactions are replaced by infinite-range interactions in order to solve the model analytically.

A piezoelectric load cell is a sensor that generates a potential when a force is applied; the output is calibrated so that the sensor can be used...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and Institute for Condensed Matter TheoryUniversity of Illinois at Urbana ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  2. 2.Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kohn HallUniversity of California at Santa BarbaraSanta BarbaraUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering, One Dent DriveBucknell UniversityLewisburgUSA
  4. 4.Department of Chemical Engineering, One Dent DriveBucknell UniversityLewisburgUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Martin Ostoja-Starzewski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Science & Engineering, Institute for Condensed Matter Theory and Beckman InstituteUniversity of Illinois at Urbana–ChampaignUrbanaUSA