Patriotism, Populism, and Reactionary Politics since 9.11

  • Randall Curren
Living reference work entry

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This chapter identifies and examines the patterns of patriotism in the period after the attacks of September 11, 2001. In broad psychosocial terms, these patterns were initially characteristic of wartime patriotism throughout US history. They revolved around fear and aggression, in-group loyalty and racial and religious exclusion, suppression of dissent, and deference to authority that tolerated violations of human rights and civil liberties. Gestures of patriotic solidarity ranged from ritual honoring of flag and troops to interfaith gatherings and antiwar demonstrations. What has emerged in the USA and much of Europe through the subsequent experience of war, immigration, terrorist attacks, and growing economic polarization is populist and reactionary movements that have superimposed sharply opposing forms of patriotism on conflicting responses to this experience.


Authoritarian(-ism) Confederacy(-ate) Covenant Democracy Dissent Donald Trump Fundamentalist George W. Bush Immigration liberty(-ies) Patriot (movement, groups) Polarization Populism Radical right Reactionary Sovereignty Tea Party Tolerance war White supremacist 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of RochesterNew YorkUSA

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