Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Manipulation by Others

  • Kristen SymeEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_587-1



Theoretically, manipulation by others into committing acts of suicide terrorism is a form of duplicity in which an individual or group activates evolved mechanisms (i.e., kinship psychology or mating psychology) that over evolutionary time produced reproductive benefits; however, the benefits in relation to suicide terrorism are not forthcoming and results in maladaptive behavior.


Suicide terrorism is an act of outward aggression in which the perpetrating agent willfully sacrifices his or her own life with intent to inflict as much damage as possible on civilian casualties. Suicide terrorism is systematic and often perpetuated by political organizations (e.g., Hamas, Al-Qaeda, Tamil Tigers, among others) that disseminate messages to followers through various media outlets and often train adherents in institutionalized settings apart from their natal residences. Some...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Washington State UniversityVancouverUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Doug P. VanderLaan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Toronto MississaugaMississaugaCanada
  2. 2.Child, Youth and Family DivisionCentre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada