Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Second Sexism

  • Damião S. Almeida SegundoEmail author
  • Quésia F. Cataldo
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2913-1



Sex discrimination against male.


In 2003, David Benatar published an essay on a phenomenon he called the second sexism. It received harsh criticism in proposing recognition about the existence of another sexism’s facet, but this time against males. In 2012, David Benatar’s book The Second Sexism: Discrimination Against Men and Boys was published, in which he abstracts this discussion, reinforces arguments, and presents more evidence of wrongful discrimination against males based on sex. The book exposes several situations where males are disadvantaged compared to women, such as, are more likely to military conscription, to be victims of violent crimes, to receive more frequently and intense corporal punishment, to their sexual assault be taken less seriously, to lose custody of their children in the context of divorce, and so on.

The Second Sexism

Sexism is defined by Benatar (2012...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Damião S. Almeida Segundo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Quésia F. Cataldo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversidade Federal do CearáFortalezaBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Guilherme S. Lopes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOakland UniversityRochesterUSA