Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford


  • Martin BrüneEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2504-1



Psychiatric condition characterized by delusions, hallucinations, and/or disorganized speech, as well as by grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior and/or negative symptoms. The symptoms must have persisted for at least 6 months and affect interpersonal, academic, or occupational functioning.


The term “schizophrenia” refers to a group of disorders characterized by severe cognitive, emotional, and behavioral symptoms, which typically include the presence of delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech or behavior, and the development of negative symptoms such as abulia, apathy, or social withdrawal (American Psychiatric Association 2013). Schizophrenia becomes usually clinically apparent in late adolescence or early adulthood. However, in many cases there are precursor symptoms in childhood, and attenuated psychotic symptoms or brief self-limiting psychotic episodes may precede the onset of the disorder. Research...


Social Defeat Ethnic Density Persecutive Delusion Schizotypal Trait Disorganize Speech 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LWL University Hospital BochumRuhr-University BochumBochumGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jessica Hehman
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of RedlandsRedlandsUSA