Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Homophobic Bullying

  • Elizabeth McConnellEmail author
  • Michelle Birkett
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2493-1



Experiences of harassment or discrimination on the basis of actual or perceived sexual minority status.


Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth show a number of health disparities relative to heterosexual youth, including greater psychological distress, suicidality, sexual risk behaviors, and substance use (Kann et al. 2016; Saewyc 2011). Similar patterns have been identified for transgender youth, although less is known about this population due to the lack of items to identify transgender respondents in population-level surveys (Reisner et al. 2016). A substantial body of research has linked these disparities with experiences of homophobic bullying and victimization (e.g., Collier et al. 2013; Kosciw et al. 2014). Homophobic bullying can take a variety of forms (e.g., verbal harassment, physical assault) and is experienced differentially by subgroups of LGBT youth....


Sexual Minority School Climate Heterosexual Youth Positive School Climate Homophobic Victimization 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DePaul UniversityChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Northwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Carey Fitzgerald
    • 1
  1. 1.University of South Carolina - BeaufortBlufftonUSA