Status and Redistribution of Resources
This chapter reviews work on the extent to which individual status influences support for the redistribution of scarce resources.
Evolution by natural selection depends on competition over scarce resources. Within social groups, however, overt competition or hostility can be costly and ultimately a detriment to the well-being of group members. Accordingly, many primate species have evolved means of minimizing social conflict by imposing simple systems of dominance that determine access to and control over scarce resources. It is to these basic systems of distribution that many psychologists trace systems of status and distribution in human cultures, even if the rules and systems that shape outcomes are comparatively complex.
The present chapter briefly summarizes research on status, reflecting differences in access to and control over resources, and the redistribution of resources. This review highlights that status...
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