Encyclopedia of Bioastronautics

Living Edition
| Editors: Laurence R. Young, Jeffrey P. Sutton

Space Medicine: An Overview

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10152-1_130-1

Definition

Space medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with the biological, physiological, and psychological health effects and medical problems of flight personnel in the context of spaceflight.

Introduction

The discipline of space medicine is a relatively new focus in clinical and investigative practice arising since the first humans ventured beyond the stratosphere in the early 1960s. Historically, the area of flight medicine, with flight surgeons as its practitioners, has supported the health and wellbeing of aircraft crews and serves as a model for the principles and practice of space medicine. Over time, physicians and biomedical researchers have evolved their focus toward the care of humans that venture beyond the surface of the Earth. Occupation and preventive medicine principles have been and continue to be applied to this unique environment, with an emphasis on crewmembers selected for the challenging environment of space travel. Crewmembers must be kept healthy...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Barratt MR, Pool SL (2008) Principles of clinical medicine for space flight. Springer, New York. ISBN:9780387988429Google Scholar
  2. Buckey JC (2006) Space physiology. Oxford University Press, New York. ISBN:9780195137255Google Scholar
  3. Buckey JC, Homick JL (2002) The neurolab spacelab mission: neuroscience research in space. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. ISBN:0972533907Google Scholar
  4. Churchill SE (1997) Fundamentals of space life sciences. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar. ISBN:0894640518Google Scholar
  5. Clement G (2011) Fundamentals of space medicine. Springer, New York. ISBN:9781441999047Google Scholar
  6. Davis JR, Johnson R, Stepanek J, Fogerty JA (2008) Fundamentals of aerospace medicine, 4th edn. Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. ISBN:139780781774666Google Scholar
  7. Johnston RS, Dietlein LF (1977) Biomedical results from Skylab. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  8. Johnston RS, Dietlein LF, Berry CA (1975) Biomedical results of Apollo. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  9. Nicogossian AE, Pool SL (2003) Space physiology and medicine, 4th edn. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. ISBN:9780683307313Google Scholar
  10. Nicogossian AE, Huntoon CL, Pool SL (1994) Space physiology and medicine, 3rd edn. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia. ISBN:0812115953Google Scholar
  11. Risin D, Stepaniak PC (2013) Biomedical results of the space shuttle program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. ISBN:9780615866130Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Texas Health Science CenterHoustonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Michael W. Bungo
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of Texas Health Science CenterHoustonUSA