- Anna C. PhillipsAffiliated withSchool of Sport, Exercise & Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham Email author
Definition (and Description)
Antibodies are proteins secreted by white blood cells (B lymphocytes). Their task is to circulate in the body and tag, destroy, or neutralize bacteria, viruses, or other harmful or foreign materials (antigens). They do this by opsonizing or coating foreign materials which marks them for destruction or neutralization.
Antibodies are also called immunoglobulins (Ig), which are present on the surface of B cells and act as receptors for foreign materials. Immunoglobulins can be classified into several classes, IgA, IgE, IgM, IgG, and IgD, some of which have further subtypes. Each type of antibody has a range of different immune functions. IgA is found at the mucosal surfaces (e.g., mouth, nose, gastrointestinal tract) and can be measured in saliva. IgM is the first type of antibody produced in response to a novel foreign material. IgG is the most common antibody found in the body.
Reference Work Entry Metrics
Date: 2015 (Latest)History
- 2015 (Latest)
- Reference Work Title
- Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine
- p 1
- Online ISBN
- Springer New York
- Copyright Holder
- Springer Science+Business Media New York
- Industry Sectors
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. University of Miami School of Medicine
- 2. Campbell University School of Pharmacy
- Anna C. Phillips (3)
- Author Affiliations
- 3. School of Sport, Exercise & Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, B15 2TT, Birmingham, UK
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