Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

Living Edition
| Editors: Marc Gellman

Primary Care

  • Shannon IdzikEmail author
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-6439-6_137-3



Primary care is a component of integrated health care in which comprehensive and accessible care is provided to a defined population. It is not disease or organ specific but rather examines a person’s overall state of health and well-being. Primary care is often the first point of contact into a health system for persons with a health concern including those with acute and chronic physical, mental, and social health issues. Primary care is a longitudinal and continuous approach to health maintenance including health promotion, disease prevention, health education, and counseling and includes diagnosis, treatment, and management of acute and chronic conditions. Primary care focuses on the provision of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention measures, such as screenings, immunizations, and prevention of disease progression or sequelae. In primary care, the patient is seen as a partner in their health and health decisions. The primary care...

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References and Further Reading

  1. American Academy of Family Physicians. (2016). Primary care. Retrieved from http://www.aafp.org/online/en/home/policy/policies/p/primarycare.html#Parsys0002. Accessed 4 Sept 2016.
  2. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), Pub. L. No. 111–148, 124 Stat. 119. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-111publ148/pdf/PLAW-111publ148.pdf. Accessed 4 Sept 2016.
  3. Primary Care – HealthCare.gov Glossary. (2016). HealthCare.gov. Retrieved September 4, 2016, from https://www.healthcare.gov/glossary/primary-care/

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Maryland School of NursingBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.University of Maryland Upper Chesapeake Health Comprehensive CARE CenterBel AirUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Barbara Resnick
    • 1
  • Marie Boltz
    • 2
  1. 1.School of NursingUniversity of MarylandBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.College of Nursing, The Pennsylvania State University, University ParkPAUSA