Pathological Demand Avoidance (PDA)
Elizabeth Newson developed the concept of pathological demand avoidance (PDA) to describe a subset of children referred to her clinic based in Nottingham, UK, in the 1970s (Newson et al. 2003), Newson applied the term PDA to children that were traditionally diagnosed as either having pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified or atypical autism, yet both parents and clinicians thought these terms did not adequately describe the child’s presenting difficulties (Newson et al. 2003). Consequently, PDA was first proposed in 1980 as a distinct pervasive development disorder with the following behavior profile (Gillberg 2014): consistent resistance to every day demands, ease at role play and pretend, language delay due...
References and Reading
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