Geological and Hydrogeological Characterization of Subsurface

  • Daniel HunkelerEmail author
Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)


Investigations on the origin and fate of hydrocarbons in the subsurface heavily rely on information on the geological and hydrogeological characteristics of the subsurface. This chapter presents different methods to characterize the geological structure of the subsurface, to quantify its hydraulic conductivity, to determine groundwater flow velocity and to characterize the contaminant distribution. The methods range from simple field tests that can be rapidly implemented to advanced methods that provide detailed information on subsurface properties and contaminant distribution at a high spatial resolution.


Drilling methods Geophysics Hydraulic testing Sampling 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Hydrogeology and Geothermics (CHYN)University of NeuchâtelNeuchâtelSwitzerland

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