Chapter 3 presented three models of curriculum innovation, with a focus on implementation and dissemination procedures, and concluded by putting forward several key factors involved in curriculum change in ELT. These factors fell into three categories: the Innovation, the Environment and the Individual. Factors within the area of the Innovation included relevance, compatibility, dissemination procedures and costs. Environmental factors covered aspects such as school values and ethos, the teachers and the pupils, culture and the community. Individual elements comprised attitudes, beliefs, ability and knowledge. There were, in addition, overlapping factors: change agents (Innovation and Environment); aims (Innovation and Individual); and resources and training (Individual and Environment). Communication and ownership were central to all three.
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