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Gustatoty Epithelium-Based Taste Sensors

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Abstract

For sensors mimicking biological taste sensory, many achievements have been made in liquid detection with special-sensitive lipid/polymer membrane [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]. Notably, a series of sensors were developed by Toko’s group to evaluate beer, tea, and food by discriminating several basic tastants [7, 8]. However, the sensitivity and selectivity of detection using these electronic tongues were lower than those of biological taste sensation, which mainly lies in the biological receptor structures and information coding mechanisms. Thus with advancements in tissue culture protocols, tissue-based biosensors were developed to mimic biological taste sense for analyzing the functional information of taste substances by treating living units as sensing elements [9, 10, 11]. Recently, Ozdener and Rawson proposed a method for primary culture of mammalian gustatory epithelium, which provides a useful model for molecular studies of the proliferation, differentiation, and physiological function of mammalian gustatory receptor cells [12]. The cultured tissue can keep taste sensitivity and electrophysiological activity, which can be recorded and analyzed in pattern recognitions. Although the cultured gustatory tissue loss the three-dimensional structure of the intact taste bud, the study opens a great starting for potential application of gustatory tissue in biosensor for taste detections.

Keywords

Gustatory Cell Microelectrode Array Taste Quality Taste Stimulus Electrophysiological Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Science Press, Beijing and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

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