Chironji (Buchanania lanzan Spreng.)

  • Shrikant Hiwale


Chironji is a common tree species found in deciduous forests throughout India. Chironji or charoli belongs to the family Anacardiaceae and was first described by Francis Hamilton in 1798. It is rich in protein and mineral content. It bears fruits which contain a single seed which is popular as an edible nut, known as chironji. It is used as fuel, fodder especially for buffalos, and alternative host for Kusmi lac insect and its oil for cosmetic and soaps. It attains the height up to 20 m and stem girth to 1.5 m. Roots are used in treatment of diarrhea, leaves are used in skin diseases, and fruits are used in treating cough and asthma. The bark furnishes a natural varnish and is used in tanning in Kerala. The leaves are reported to be valued for their tonic and cardiotonic properties, and their powder is a common medicine for wounds. In wasteland development and dry land horticulture, it assumes great significance due to its multifarious uses and capacity to withstand adverse climatic conditions.


Pollen Germination Benzyl Amino Purine Naphthalene Acetic Acid Naphthalene Acetic Acid Calyx Lobe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Banerjee A, Jain M (1988) Investigation on Buchanania lanzan Spreng, seed oil. Fitoterapia 59:406Google Scholar
  2. Chitra V, Dharani Prasad P, Pavan Kumar K, Narayan Rao A (2009) Wound healing activity of alcoholic extract of Buchanania lanzan in albino rats. Int J Chemtech Res 1(4):1021–1031Google Scholar
  3. Das D, Agrawal VS (1991) Fruits drug plants of India. Kalyani Publisher, New Delhi, p 250Google Scholar
  4. Munde VM, Shinde GS, Sajindranth AK, Prabu T, Machewad PM (2003) Correlation and path analysis studies in charoli (Buchanania lanzan Spreng). South Indian Hortic 50:517–521Google Scholar
  5. Sharma A (2012) Scientific harvesting for quality seed collection of Buchanania lanzan Spreng for its conservation and sustainable management. Int J Bio-Sci Bio-Technol 4(1):65–74Google Scholar
  6. Shende S, Rai M (2005) Multiple shoot formation and plant regeneration of a commercially useful tropical plant Buchanania lanzan Spreng. Plant Biotechnol 22(1):59–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Singh RV (1982) Fodder trees of India. Oxford and IBH Publication, New Delhi, p 663Google Scholar
  8. Singh J, Banerjee SK, Francis A (2002) Vegetative propagation of Buchanania lanzan Spreng. root cuttings. Indian For 128:700–704Google Scholar
  9. Singh S, Singh AK, Bagle BG (2006) Chironji (Buchnania Lanzan Spreng.). A boon for tribals. Intensive Agriculture, March–April, pp 35–36Google Scholar
  10. Singh S, Singh AK, Bagle BG (2007) Propagation of chironji by in situ soft wood grafting. Indian Hortic 52(2):35–36Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shrikant Hiwale
    • 1
  1. 1.Fruit CropsCentral Horticultural Experiment StationVejalpurIndia

Personalised recommendations