Chironji (Buchanania lanzan Spreng.)

  • Shrikant Hiwale


Chironji is a common tree species found in deciduous forests throughout India. Chironji or charoli belongs to the family Anacardiaceae and was first described by Francis Hamilton in 1798. It is rich in protein and mineral content. It bears fruits which contain a single seed which is popular as an edible nut, known as chironji. It is used as fuel, fodder especially for buffalos, and alternative host for Kusmi lac insect and its oil for cosmetic and soaps. It attains the height up to 20 m and stem girth to 1.5 m. Roots are used in treatment of diarrhea, leaves are used in skin diseases, and fruits are used in treating cough and asthma. The bark furnishes a natural varnish and is used in tanning in Kerala. The leaves are reported to be valued for their tonic and cardiotonic properties, and their powder is a common medicine for wounds. In wasteland development and dry land horticulture, it assumes great significance due to its multifarious uses and capacity to withstand adverse climatic conditions.


Pollen Germination Benzyl Amino Purine Naphthalene Acetic Acid Naphthalene Acetic Acid Calyx Lobe 


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© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shrikant Hiwale
    • 1
  1. 1.Fruit CropsCentral Horticultural Experiment StationVejalpurIndia

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