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Sustainable Horticulture in Semiarid Dry Lands

  • Shrikant Hiwale

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxxiv
  2. Shrikant Hiwale
    Pages 1-2
  3. Sustainable Horticulture

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 3-3
    2. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 15-20
  4. Crop Specific Production Technologies for Semiarid Rain Fed Areas

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 21-21
    2. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 23-41
    3. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 43-82
    4. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 83-96
    5. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 97-114
    6. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 115-134
    7. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 135-152
    8. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 153-157
    9. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 159-175
    10. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 177-195
    11. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 197-212
    12. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 213-224
    13. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 225-235
    14. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 237-246
    15. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 247-253
    16. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 255-261
  5. Agro Forestry Species

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 279-279
    2. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 281-289
    3. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 291-299
    4. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 301-309
    5. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 311-316
    6. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 317-319
    7. Shrikant Hiwale
      Pages 321-323
  6. Alternate Land Use Systems Semiarid Rain Fed Areas (Horti–Agri, Horti–Silvi–Pastoral, Horti–Silvi)

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 325-325
  7. Post Harvest Studies

  8. Back Matter
    Pages 389-393

About this book

Introduction

This book discusses ways of increasing production/unit area by making full use of the soil and water under the harsh climatic conditions of semiarid areas. This leads to improved sustainability, increased availability of fresh produce, which is vital for human health and higher incomes for small and marginal farmers.

Arid and semiarid areas account for almost 70 per cent of the total cropped area of India. In these areas physical constraints like low and erratic rainfall, high temperature, high wind velocity, low fertility, poor soil structure, salinity of soil and ground water all limit reliable crop production. In the absence of any type of aggregation, the soils are highly erodible, lack structure and have a very coarse in texture with low water holding capacity. Intensive agricultural practices, increasing population pressure, climatic changes, environmental pollution, loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, salinization and water depletion are all threatening the sustainability of agriculture. In view of the mounting demand for food, it is vital to link enhanced food production with nutritional security, conservation of natural resources, increasing farmers’ incomes, employment generation through agricultural diversification.

Horticulture, particularly of fruit trees, can play a major role in solving the problem of nutrition, as fruits are rich source of vitamins and minerals and have antioxidant properties. Fruit trees, which are mostly deciduous, add leaf litter to the soil, and this ultimately helps to improve the condition of the soil. In addition, fruit trees are known to reduce soil erosion and reduce run off. The trees also play a major role in purifying the environment as they are the known carbon sequesters. Fruit-tree cultivation is a profitable preposition. There is no scope to increase the land surface; all increase in productivity therefore has to be from the available land. This means introducing cropping systems that can meet the basic food, fodder and fuel requirement of farming families.

Keywords

Dryland Horticulture Semiarid Sustainable Technology

Authors and affiliations

  • Shrikant Hiwale
    • 1
  1. 1.Fruit CropsCentral Horticultural Experiment StationVejalpurIndia

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