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Glycosyltransferases Involved in the Biosynthesis of Glycolipids

  • Koichi Furukawa
  • Akiko Tsuchida
  • Keiko Furukawa

Abstract

Of the glycosyltransferases involved in the synthesis of glycosphingolipids, those involved in the common steps, those responsible for the synthesis of globo-series glycolipids, and those for the synthesis of lacto/neolacto-series glycolipids were summarized here. The common and fundamental steps consist of reactions catalyzed by Glc-Cer synthase (Ichikawa et al. 1996), lactosylceramide synthase (Nomura et al. 1997), or GalCer synthase (Schulte and Stoffel 1993). Globo-series includes the reactions catalyzed by Gb3/CD77 synthase (Furukawa et al. 2007), Gb4 synthase (Furukawa et al. 2007), Gb5 synthase (Zhou et al. 2000), or sialyl-Gb5 synthase (monosialyl-galactosylgloboside, MSGG) (Saito et al. 2003). Furthermore, DSGG (disialyl-galactosylgloboside) (Furukawa et al. 2007) is synthesized from MSGG by ST6GalNAcVI. Lacto/neolactoseries are generated by various enzymes consisting of amino-CTH synthase (β3GlcNAcTV) (Togayachi et al. 2001), core 1 precursor synthase (β3GalTV) (Isshiki et al. 1999) β4-galactosyltransferase, α2,3/6-sialyltransferase, α1,3/4-fucosyl transferase, ST6GalNAc-VI (α2,6-sialyltransferase) (Furukawa et al. 2007), etc.

Keywords

Sodium Cacodylate Buffer Glycosyltransferase Gene Pancreatic Epithelium Nitrogen Cavitation Ceramide Glucosyltransferase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koichi Furukawa
    • 1
  • Akiko Tsuchida
    • 1
  • Keiko Furukawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry IINagoya University Graduate School of MedicineNagoyaJapan

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