The Final Steps Leading to the Anesthetic Use of Muscle Relaxants

  • Francis F. Foldes
Conference paper


The first use of a neuromuscular blocking agent (muscle relaxant; MR) for relaxation of the abdominal muscles was reported by Arthur Läwen in 1912.1


Abdominal Muscle Neuromuscular Blocking Agent Shock Therapy Muscular Relaxation Bellevue Hospital 
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis F. Foldes
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyMontefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA

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