Peatland in Indonesia

  • Mitsuru OsakiEmail author
  • Dedi Nursyamsi
  • Muhammad Noor
  • Wahyunto
  • Hendrik Segah


Peatland area in Indonesia was about 14.91 million ha spread out in Sumatra 6.44 million ha (43 %), in Kalimantan 4.78 million ha (32 %), and in Papua islands 3.69 million ha (25 %). The important factors of peatland for agriculture are closely related to properties and character of soil, water, and GHGs emissions. The factors should be considered in arranging decision or policy and utilization for agriculture.

Utilization of peatlands for agriculture in Indonesia has a long historical foundation. Starting from success of indigenous peoples who looked peatland as a resource to produce traditionally food crops, fruits, and spices, then they have been growing into large plantations managed modernly to get a better income like palm oil plantation, however it is required to be sustainability for which water level, wild fire, and biodiversity must be managed appropriately. Greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions issues, also, motivated government to limit peatland utilization because some of the emission was from peatland.


Peatland Indonesia Agriculture 



Results shown in this paper were mainly obtained from SATREPS (Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development) project entitled as “Wild fire and carbon management in peat-forest in Indonesia” founded by JST (Japan Science and Technology Agency) and JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency).


  1. Aldhous P (2004) Land remediation: Borneo is burning. Nature 432:144–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Euroconsult (1984) Preliminary assessment of peat development potential. Final report Kingdom of Netherland. Ministry of Foreign Affairs- Dev. Co-operative (Asia) Depart, JakartaGoogle Scholar
  3. Noor M (2001) Pertanian Lahan Gambut: Potensi dan Kendala. Kanisius, Yogyakarta, 174 pGoogle Scholar
  4. Noor M (2012a) Sejarah pembukaan lahan gambut untuk Pertanian di Indonesia. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pengelolaan Lahan Gambut Berkelanjutan. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, Bogor, pp 399–412Google Scholar
  5. Noor M (2012b) Kearifan lokal dalam pengelolaan lahan gambut. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pengelolaan Lahan Gambut Berkelanjutan. Balai Besar Litbang Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian, Bogor, pp 155–172Google Scholar
  6. Noor M, Supriyo A, Umar S, Ar-Riza I (1991) Budidaya padi di lahan gambut. Prosiding Seminar Penelitian Sistem Ushatani lahan Gambut Kalimantan Selatan. Balittan, Banjarbaru, pp 13–26Google Scholar
  7. Noor M, Noorginayuwati, Jumberi A (2008) Pemanfaatan dan pengelolaan lahan gambut untuk pertanian: keterbatasan, ketentuan dan kelestarian. Dalam Pengelolaan Rawa Jurnal Alami 13(1):1–8, Pustek Pengelolaan SD Lahan, Wilayah dan Mitigasi Bencana, BPP Teknologi. JakartaGoogle Scholar
  8. Page SE, Siegert F, Rieley JO, Boehm HDV, Jaya A, Limin S (2002) The amount of carbon released from peat and forest fires in Indonesia during 1997. Nature 420:61–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Page SE, Rieley JO, Banks CJ (2010) Global and regional importance of the tropical peatland carbon pool. Glob Change Biol:1–21Google Scholar
  10. Radjagukguk B (1993) Peat resources of Indonesia: its extern, characteristics and development posibble. In paper presented at the Third Seminar on the Greening of Desert entitled “Desert Greening with Peat”. Weseda Univ Tokyo, JapanGoogle Scholar
  11. Ritung S, Wahyunto, Nugroho K (2012) Karakteristik dan Sebaran Lahan Gambut di Sumatera, Kalimantan dan Papua. In: Husen E, Anda M, Noor M, Mamat HS, Maswar, Fahmi A, Sulaiman Y (eds) Pengelolaan Lahan Gambut Berkelanjutan. Balai Besar Litbang SDLP, BogorGoogle Scholar
  12. Schimel D, Baker D (2002) The wildfire factor. Nature 420:29–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Siegert F, Zhukov B, Oertel D, Limin S, Page SE, Rieley JO (2004) Peat fires detected by the BIRD satellite. Int J Remote Sens 25:3221–3230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Slik JWF (2004) El Nino droughts and their effects on tree species composition and diversity in tropical rain forests. Oecologia 141:114–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Soekardi M, Hidayat A (1988) Extern and distribution of peat soils of Indonesia. Paper presented at the Third Meeting of the Cooperative for Research on Problem Soils, 22–27 Aug 1988. BogorGoogle Scholar
  16. Subagyo H, Sudjadi M, Suryatna E, Dal J (1990) Wet soils of Indonesia. In: Kimble J.M. 1992 (eds) Proc. of 8th Int. soils correlation meeting. USDA-SCS. Nat Soil Survey Centre, Lincoln, pp 248–2Google Scholar
  17. Tawaraya K, Takaya Y, Turjaman M, Tuah SJ, Limin SH, Tamai Y, Cha JY, Wagatsuma T, Osaki M (2003) Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of tree species grown in peat swamp forests of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. For Ecol Manag 182:381–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Wahyunto S, Ritung S, Subagyo (2005) Sebaran Gambut dan kandungan Karbon di Sumatra dan Kalimantan 2004. Wetland Int. – Indo. Prog. & WHC. Bogor, 254 hlmGoogle Scholar
  19. Wahyunto S, Bambang H, Bhekti H (2006) Sebaran Lahan Gambut, Luas dan Cadangan karbon Bawah Permukaan di Papua. Wetlands International-Indonesia Programme, BogorGoogle Scholar
  20. Whitmore TC (1995) Comparing Southeast Asian and other tropical rainforests. In: Primack RE, Lovecoy TE (eds) Ecology, conservation and management of Southeast Asian rainforest. Yale University Press, New Haven, pp 5–15Google Scholar
  21. Wooster MJ, Strub N (2002) Study of the 1997 Borneo fires: quantitative analysis using global area coverage (GAC) satellite data. Glob Biochem Cycles 16:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitsuru Osaki
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dedi Nursyamsi
    • 2
  • Muhammad Noor
    • 2
  • Wahyunto
    • 2
  • Hendrik Segah
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Faculty of AgricultureHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development, IAARDPasar MingguIndonesia
  3. 3.Faculty of AgricultureUniversity Palangka Raya (UNPAR)Palangka RayaIndonesia

Personalised recommendations