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Tropical Peatland Ecosystems

  • Mitsuru Osaki
  • Nobuyuki Tsuji

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Introduction to Tropical Peatland

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. John Rieley, Susan Page
      Pages 3-32
    3. Mitsuru Osaki, Dedi Nursyamsi, Muhammad Noor, Wahyunto, Hendrik Segah
      Pages 49-58
    4. Lulie Melling
      Pages 59-73
    5. Mitsuru Osaki, Bambang Setiadi, Hidenori Takahashi, Muhammad Evri
      Pages 91-112
    6. Haris Gunawan, Shigeo Kobayashi, Kosuke Mizuno, Yasuyuki Kono, Osamu Kozan
      Pages 113-123
  3. Peat Formation and It’s Property

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 125-125
    2. Masayuki Takada, Sawahiko Shimada, Hidenori Takahashi
      Pages 127-135
    3. Mitsuru Osaki, Kazuyo Hirose, Hendrik Segah, Farhan Helmy
      Pages 137-147
  4. Ecosystem in Peatland

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 149-149
    2. Kazuki Miyamoto, Takashi S. Kohyama, Joeni Setijo Rahajoe, Edi Mirmanto, Herwint Simbolon
      Pages 151-166
    3. Joeni Setijo Rahajoe, Laode Alhamd, Tika Dewi Atikah, Bayu A. Pratama, Satomi Shiodera, Takashi S. Kohyama
      Pages 167-196
    4. Satomi Shiodera, Tika Dewi Atikah, Ismail Apandi, Tatsuyuki Seino, Akira Haraguchi, Joeni Setijo Rahajoe et al.
      Pages 197-212
    5. Hitoshi Suzuki, Anang Setiawan Achmadi
      Pages 213-226
    6. Sulmin Gumiri, Ardianor, Seigo Higashi, Toshio Iwakuma
      Pages 227-236
    7. Keitaro Tawaraya, Maman Turjaman
      Pages 237-244
  5. Water Condition and Management in Peatland

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 245-245
    2. Tadaoki Itakura, Makoto Nakatsugawa, Hikaru Sugimoto, Yasuharu Watanabe
      Pages 247-263
    3. Yoshiyuki Ishii, Ken Koizumi, Hiroshi Fukami, Koichi Yamamoto, Hidenori Takahashi, Suwido H. Limin et al.
      Pages 265-279
    4. Yustiawati, Kazuto Sazawa, M. Suhaemi Syawal, Hideki Kuramitz, Takeshi Saito, Toshiyuki Hosokawa et al.
      Pages 281-296
    5. Noriyoshi Ochi, Misao Okada, Hirochika Hayashi, Hiroshi Shimokura, Mitsuhiko Kamiya
      Pages 313-325
  6. Green House Gasses Emission from Peatland

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 327-327
    2. Takashi Hirano, Siti Sundari, Hiroyuki Yamada
      Pages 329-337
    3. Ryusuke Hatano, Yo Toma, Yohei Hamada, Hironori Arai, Helena Lina Susilawati, Kazuyuki Inubushi
      Pages 339-351
    4. Sawahiko Shimada, Hidenori Takahashi, Mitsuru Osaki
      Pages 353-365
  7. Wild Fire in Peatland

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 375-375
    2. Hiroshi Hayasaka, Hidenori Takahashi, Suwido H. Limin, Nina Yulianti, Aswin Usup
      Pages 377-395
    3. Toshihisa Honma, Kazuya Kaku, Aswin Usup, Agus Hidayat
      Pages 397-406
  8. Estimation and Modeling of Peatland

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 419-419
    2. Kazuyo Hirose, Mitsuru Osaki, Tomomi Takeda, Osamu Kashimura, Takashi Ohki, Hendrik Segah et al.
      Pages 421-431
    3. Yan Gao, Robert Gilmore Pontius Jr., Nicholas M. Giner, Takashi S. Kohyama, Mitsuru Osaki, Kazuyo Hirose
      Pages 433-443
    4. Wataru Takeuchi, Takashi Hirano, Orbita Roswintiarti
      Pages 445-453
    5. Sawahiko Shimada, Masayuki Takada, Hidenori Takahashi
      Pages 455-467
    6. Ryuichi Hirata, Minaco Adachi, Akihiko Ito
      Pages 469-478
    7. Yukihisa Shigenaga, Hideyuki Saito, Hidenori Takahashi, Ronny Teguh, Wisnu Kencana, Adi Jaya et al.
      Pages 479-489
  9. Sustainable Management of Peatland

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 491-491
    2. Dedi Nursyamsi, Muhammad Noor, Eni Maftu’ah
      Pages 493-511
    3. Hideyuki Saito, Akio Koizumi, Sampang Gaman, Prawira Yuda, Penyang, Masato Shibuya
      Pages 513-549
    4. Yutaka Tamai, Penyang Sandan, Sampang Gaman, Yuda Prawira
      Pages 551-559
  10. Ecological Services in Peatland

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 561-561
    2. Shigeo Kobayashi, Hendrik Segah, Eriko Momota
      Pages 563-584
    3. Noriyuki Kobayashi
      Pages 585-598
    4. Yuki Yamamoto, Kenji Takeuchi
      Pages 599-612

About this book

Introduction

This book is an excellent resource for scientists, political decision makers, and students interested in the impact of peatlands on climate change and ecosystem function, containing a plethora of recent research results such as monitoring-sensing-modeling for carbon–water flux/storage, biodiversity, and peatland management in tropical regions. It is estimated that more than 23 million hectares (62 %) of the total global tropical peatland area are located in Southeast Asia, in lowland or coastal areas of East Sumatra, Kalimantan, West Papua, Papua New Guinea, Brunei, Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak, and Southeast Thailand. Tropical peatland has a vital carbon–water storage function and is host to a huge diversity of plant and animal species. Peatland ecosystems are extremely vulnerable to climate change and the impacts of human activities such as logging, drainage, and conversion to agricultural land. In Southeast Asia, severe episodic droughts associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, in combination with over-drainage, forest degradation, and land-use changes, have caused widespread peatland fires and microbial peat oxidation. Indonesia's 20 Mha peatland area is estimated to include about 45–55 GtC of carbon stocks. As a result of land use and development, Indonesia is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases (2–3 Gtons carbon dioxide equivalent  per year), 80 % of which is due to deforestation and peatland loss. Thus, tropical peatlands are key ecosystems in terms of the carbon–water cycle and climate change.

Keywords

Biodiversity in Peatland Carbon Sequestrations and Carbon Flux Climate Change and Global Warming Measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) REDD+ Water Dynamics

Editors and affiliations

  • Mitsuru Osaki
    • 1
  • Nobuyuki Tsuji
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Center for Sustainability Science,Hokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

Bibliographic information

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