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Peat-Fire Impact on Forest Structure in Peatland of Central Kalimantan

  • Satomi Shiodera
  • Tika Dewi Atikah
  • Ismail Apandi
  • Tatsuyuki Seino
  • Akira Haraguchi
  • Joeni Setijo Rahajoe
  • Takashi S. Kohyama

Abstract

Tropical peatland forests are unique ecosystems, because of their extreme acidic, anaerobic and nutrient poor conditions. They support diverse forms of flora, fauna and microbes with many endemic and endangered species. In Central Kalimantan, peat fire has been a serious problem since the last decade. Peat fire is a major cause of peatland degradation that leads to loss of biodiversity and carbon stocks. In this study, we evaluated the impact of fire disturbance to forest structure and reforestation from the comparison among peatland forests with different disturbance severity. Results from current research revealed that (1) un-burnt forest maintained higher tree species diversity, larger basal area and trunk volume index than burnt forests, (2) once-burnt forest showed potential capacity of high recovery, (3) the forest affected fire showed significant floristic and structural changes and difficulty of recover.

Keywords

Disturbed forest Human disturbance Peat swamp forest Reforestation Rehabilitation Slash-and-burn farming 

Notes

Acknowledgement

Results shown in this paper were mainly obtained from SATREPS (Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development) project entitled as “Wild fire and carbon management in peat-forest in Indonesia” founded by JST (Japan Science and Technology Agency) and JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency). We appreciate all technicians of Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (RCB-LIPI) who helped our field trip and research.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satomi Shiodera
    • 1
  • Tika Dewi Atikah
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ismail Apandi
    • 2
  • Tatsuyuki Seino
    • 4
  • Akira Haraguchi
    • 5
  • Joeni Setijo Rahajoe
    • 2
  • Takashi S. Kohyama
    • 6
  1. 1.Center for Southeast Asian Studies (CSEAS)Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Research Center for BiologyIndonesian Institute of Sciences, Cibinong Science CenterCibinongIndonesia
  3. 3.Graduate School of Environmental ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  4. 4.Ikawa Forest, Agricultural and Forestry Research Center, Faculty of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of TsukubaIbarakiJapan
  5. 5.Faculty of Environmental EngineeringThe University of KitakyushuKitakyushuJapan
  6. 6.Faculty of Environmental Earth ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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