New Approaches to Developmental Toxicity Risk Assessment at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

  • Robert J. Kavlock
  • Carole A. Kimmel


The United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) is charged under a variety of statutes, including the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, the Clean Air Act, and the Clean Water Act, with evaluating the potential health risks of chemicals present in the human environment. In considering the implementation of these laws, it is important to note that the situations to be evaluated range from workers occupationally exposed during the manufacture of industrial chemicals or during the preparation and application of pesticides, to widespread, but low level, exposure of large segments of the general population through the food, water or air. Such situations are in direct contrast to the health risks associated with pharmaceutical agents, where the exposure is direct and controlled and the benefits accrue to the exposed individual.


Risk Assessment Developmental Toxicity Lower Confidence Limit Quantitative Risk Assessment Risk Assessment Process 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Kavlock
  • Carole A. Kimmel

There are no affiliations available

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