Functional Dissociation of T Cell Sites; Immunogenic, Antigenic and Pathogenic Sites
Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) is a CD4+ T-cell mediated autoimmune disease induced by S-antigen, a retinal photoreceptor cell protein. In order to identify T cell recognition sites responsible for pathogenicity, cyanogen bromide fragments and synthetic peptides were used to test uveitogenic T cell lines prepared against native S-antigen. Two non-overlapping synthetic peptides known to actively induce EAU did not induce proliferative responses in these T cell lines. In contrast, an adjacent synthetic peptide which was unable to actively induce EAU elicited strong proliferative responses from the T cell lines and gave rise to a uveitogenic line. Our results indicate that spatially distinct T cell epitopes are present in S-antigen which are responsible for the active induction of EAU, lymphocyte proliferation, and the ability to adoptively transfer EAU.
KeywordsBromide Tuberculosis Uveitis Blindness Encephalomyelitis
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