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Wat den Een sien Uhl, is den Annern sien Nachtigall – Über die Individualität der Selbstwertentwicklung

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Zusammenfassung

Dieses Kapitel beinhaltet ein Plädoyer für die Wiederentdeckung des Individuums in der Forschung zum globalen Selbstwertgefühl. Dieses in vielen Bereichen menschlicher Entwicklung zentrale Konstrukt hat viele Facetten, die eine genauere Betrachtung verdienen. Dazu zählen interindividuell unterschiedliche Trajektorien des Selbstwertes, die variierende Bedeutung des Selbstwertes über die individuelle Lebensspanne und über Kohorten sowie die Situationsabhängigkeit und kurzfristige Variabilität des Selbstwertes. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob das Konzept normativer Selbstwertentwicklung über die Lebensspanne dieser Vielschichtigkeit gerecht wird. An einem empirischen Beispiel zur Selbstwertentwicklung im Jugendalter wird demonstriert, dass die immense intraindividuelle und interindividuelle Variabilität des Selbstwertgefühls normative Aspekte dieses Konstrukts deutlich überschattet.

Schlüsselwörter

Selbstwert Entwicklung Lebensspanne Wachstumskurven intraindividuelle Variabilität interindividuelle Variabilität 
One Man's Meat Is Another Man's Poison – On the Individuality of Self-esteem Development

Abstract

This chapter contains a plea for rediscovery of the individual in research on global self-esteem. This construct, being central in many domains of human development, has many facets which deserve closer inspection. Examples are individually different self-esteem trajectories, the changing meaning of self-esteem across the individual life-span and across cohorts, as well as the situation-dependency and short-term variability of self-esteem. With this in mind, the chapter addresses the question of whether the concept of normative self-esteem development across the life-span embraces this complexity. Using an empirical example for self-esteem development in adolescence, it is demonstrated that the immense intraindividual and interindividual variability of self-esteem clearly dwarfs normative aspects of this construct.

Keywords

Self-esteem development life-span growth curves intraindividual variability interindividual variability 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für EntwicklungspsychologieFriedrich-Schiller-Universität JenaJena

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