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Fungal Infections of the Spine Mimicking Tuberculosis

  • Turan C. Dülgeroğlu
  • Mehmet Turgut
Chapter

Abstract

Both fungal and tubercular infections involving the spine are worldwide problem, owing to considerable rise in the number of immunosuppressed patients in recent years. Unfortunately, clinical picture of fungal infections involving the spine closely mimics tubercular spinal infections; therefore, early recognition and timely intervention of both tuberculous and fungal spine infections is very important. Furthermore, a high index of suspicion is of utmost importance for differential diagnosis of fungal and tuberculous etiologies of spine infections and appropriate medical therapy, antifungal or antitubercular therapy, to reduce the mortality and morbidity in these patients. In this chapter, fungal infections of the spine mimicking tuberculosis are reviewed in terms of epidemiology, clinical and imaging findings, differential diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.

Keywords

Spine infection Fungal infection Tuberculosis Differential diagnosis Pott’s disease Management 

Abbreviations

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

ATT

Antitubercular therapy

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

CT

Computerized tomography

FNAB

Fine-needle aspiration biopsy

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

IVD

Intervertebral disc

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Turan C. Dülgeroğlu
    • 1
  • Mehmet Turgut
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedics and TraumatologyKütahya Health Sciences University School of MedicineKütahyaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryAydın Adnan Menderes University School of MedicineAydınTurkey

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