Ventilatory Responses to Ascending and Descending Ramp Changes in Inspired CO2

  • Michael Mussell
  • Kyuichi Niizeki
  • Yoshimi Miyamoto


This study addresses two issues concerning ventilatory responses to ramp changes in inhaled CO2 which, unlike other forcing functions, have received relatively little attention.


Ventilatory Response Exercise Load Cardiac Output Increase Flow Delivery Respiratory Controller 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Mussell
    • 1
  • Kyuichi Niizeki
    • 1
  • Yoshimi Miyamoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biological Cybernetics, Department of Electrical and Information EngineeringYamagata UniversityYonezawaJapan

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