The Vulva

  • Eduard G. Friedrich
  • Edward J. Wilkinson


The external female genitalia include the mons pubis, labia majora and minora, clitoris with its prepuce and frenulum, the vestibule into which open the orifices of Skene’s and Bartholin’s glands, and the urethral meatus (Fig. 2.1). All these structures are easily visualized except for the Bartholin gland orifices, which are normally not seen unless inflamed. With adrenarche, the mons pubis and lateral aspects of the labia majora acquire increased amounts of subcutaneous fat and develop the coarse curly surface-hair characteristic of the adult. With maturation of the hair-follicle apparatus, there is concomitant maturation and development of the sebaceous and apocrine glands in the hair-bearing regions as well as in the labia minora and inner aspect of the prepuce. Other than the areola of the breast, these are the only areas in which sebaceous glands routinely develop without concomitant hair formation (Fig. 2.2).


Obstet Gynecol Lichen Sclerosus Verrucous Carcinoma Condyloma Acuminata Apocrine Gland 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduard G. Friedrich
  • Edward J. Wilkinson

There are no affiliations available

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