Malnutrition during Pregnancy and Lactation, Perinatal Nutrition Problems

  • Mamdouh Gabr
Part of the Nutrition and Food Science book series (NFS, volume 3)


Nutritional privileges for pregnant and lactanting mothers have been recognized by most nations for hundreds of years and were verbally transmitted from generation to generation1. In Egypt, pregnant mothers are advised to eat chicken daily during the first forty days after delivery. In North China, she must eat 100 eggs during the first month of lactation. Fenugreck, which is rich in protein, is a popular food for pregnant mothers in Egypt, Abyssenia and Sudan.


Human Milk Pregnant Mother Maternal Nutrition Breastfed Infant Maternal Nutritional Status 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Platt, B.S., Proc. Nutr. Soc. 13, 94, 1954.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kamal, I, Gaz, Egypt Ped. Ass., 10, 1, 1962.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rush, D., Sterin Z., Christakes G. and Susser M., “The prenatal project in Nutrition and fetal development”, M. Winnick, ed., Wiley-Interscience Publishers, New York, 1974, pp. 95.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chandra, quoted by Hallman, N. in proceeding of IPA Seminar of feeding the preschoold child, Montreaux August, 1975.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Reddy V., Antimicrobial factors in human milk, Current topics in Pediatrics, 15th International Congress of Pediatrics, New Delhi, India, 1977, pp. 169.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kido K., Yamada N., Hayshi S., Taii S., Noda Y., Mukiano, S. And Nishimura T., Abstracts, 10th International Congress of Nutrition, Kyoto, Japan, 1975.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Harfouche, J.K., J. Trop. Ped. 16, 3, Monograph, 10, 1970.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Belvady B. and Gopalan L., Indian J. of Med. Res. 45, 518, 1960.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jelliffe, D.B., Brit. Med. J. 2, 1131, 1952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Walker, A.R.D., Arvidson U.P. and Draper W.L., Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 48, 395, 1954.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wishik, S.M., Vender Vynckt, S., P.A. G. Bulletin, 5, 11, 1975.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    FAO/WHO, Energy and Protein requirement, Joint FAO/WHO Committee, WHO Technical report Series n°. 522, 1975.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Greenfield, N., Abstrcts, 10th International Congress of Nutrition, Kuoto, 1975, pp. 179.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Abdou, I, Amer, A.K., Bulletin of the Nutrition Unstitute of the United Arab Republic, 1, 21, 1965.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Calloway, D.H., “Nitrogen balance during pregnancy in Nutrition and fetal development”, M. Winnicked, Wiley, Interscience publishers, New York, 1974.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Guidelines in the at risk concept on the Nutrition and health of young children, Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 30: 242, 1977.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Metcoff, J., Costileo J.P., Crosby W.M. Sandstood, H., Leucocytes as predictors of human fetal growth, Joint Speciality Session, ASCN/AFCR/ASCI/AAP, San Francisco, April, 1978.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mamdouh Gabr
    • 1
  1. 1.Prof. of Pediatrics, Fac. of Med.Cairo UniversityCairoEgypt

Personalised recommendations