Ultrasonic Synthetic Aperture Imaging

  • M. L. Dick
  • D. E. Dick
  • F. D. McLeod
  • N. B. Kindig


Currently available medical ultrasonic imaging systems are limited in some applications by their resolution. In particular: better resolution is needed to detect small lesions in the female breast. The apertures required to improve resolution can be obtained using large transducers at the expense of depth of field. Alternatively, synthetic aperture techniques offer the potential for achieving the necessary resolution without sacrificing depth of field. Advantages of synthetic aperture imaging are high focus, independent of depth, coupled with the absence of near field aberrations. The goal of this study is to develop a synthetic aperture ultrasonic imaging system specifically designed for breast scanning.


Point Spread Function Side Lobe Point Reflector Ultrasound Pulse Optical Reconstruction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Burckhardt, C.B., GrandchamP, P.A., Hoffman, H., 1974, Methods for increasing the lateral resolution of B-scan, in Acoustical Holography Vol. 5, P. Green, ed., Plenum Press, P. 391–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cribbs“R Arnon, S.D., 1976, High resolution synthetic aperture ultrasound imaging, Proc. 1st World Fed. Ultrasound Med. Biol., San Francisco.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vivian, W, Leith, C.0,, Hall, O., 1901, high-resolution radar combat-surveillance system, IRE Trans. Mil. Electron. MIL-5:179–133Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Eggleton, R.C.° 7975“ State-of-the-art of ngle transducer ultrasound imaging technology, presented at annual meeting of Amer. Assot. of Physicists tn Med., 37 pp., also submitted to Medical Physics.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Flaherty, J,J,“ Erickson, K.R., Lund, V.M., 1970, Synthetic Aperture Ultrasonic Imaging System, U,S.Tatent, 548, 642.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Furgason E.S., Newhouse, V.L,, Bilgutay, N.M., Cooper, G.R., 1975, Application of random signal correlation techniques to ultrasonic flaw detection, Ultrasonics 13: 11–77.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Green, P.S., Schaefer, L.F., Jones, E.D., Suarez, J.R., 1974, A new high-performance ultrasonic camera system, in Acoustical Holography.Vol. 5, P.S. Green, ed, Plenum, pp, 493–504Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Havli JR, Green, PS., Taenzer, J.C., Mullen, W., 1976, Removal of spurious detail in acoustic tmages using spatially and temporally varying insnnificatfon, Proc. 1st WFUMB, San FrancfscnGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jellins R., Kossoff, G., 1973, Velocity compensation watercoupled ecography, Ultrasonics, 11: 223–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jethwa C-p Olinger, M.D., Brenner, D.P. Fry F.J.“ 1074, Ultrasonic transmission imaging nd blond flow measurement using Ultrasonicsnoise source, Proc. 1974 IEEE Symp. Sonics 28–32Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kossoff, G., Radovanovich, G., Garrett, W.J., Robineon, D.E., in press, Annual pnased arrays in ul obstetrical examinations, Ultrasonic Diagnostics, Milan, Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Luque Jo, Dick, D.E., McLeod,,Do, 19759 Transducer limitations or andam signal ultrasound, P nc. 29th Ann. Conf. Eng. BioT;,in press.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Matzuk, T., 1976, Low-cost real-time high resolution syn aperture imaging system, Proc. ist WFUMB, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Melton, Jr., H.E., 1971, Electronic Focal Scanning for Im roved Resolution in Ultrasonic Imaging, Ph.D. Thesis; Duke Universty.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Onoe, M. 1974, Computer processing of ultrasonic images, in Ultrasonic Imaging and Holography, Stroke, G.W., Kock, W.E., Kikuchi, Tsujiuc i:: J., eds., Plenum, pp. 455–502.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Phillips, D.J., Smith, S.W., vonRamm, 0.T., Thurstone, F.L., 1975, A phase compensation technique for 3-mode echoencephalography5 in Ultrasound in Medicine Vol. 1I, 0.h. White, ed., Plenum, pp. 395–404.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tsujiuchi, J., Ueha, S., Ueno, K., 1974, Holographic Synthetic Aperture Sonar System, in Ultrasonic Ima in and Hologra, Stroke, G.W., Kock, W.E., Kikuchi, U. su;iuchi, J,5 eos., Plenum, pp. 531–552.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vilkomerson, D., 1974, Acoustic imaging with thin annular apertures, in Acoustical Holography Vol. 5, P.S. Green, ed., Plenum Press, pp. 283–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. Dick
    • 1
  • D. E. Dick
    • 1
    • 2
  • F. D. McLeod
    • 3
  • N. B. Kindig
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of E1ec.Engr.Univ. of Colo.BoulderUSA
  2. 2.Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, and BioengineeringUniv. Colo. Med. Ctr.DenverUSA
  3. 3.Dept.of PhysiologyCRHLFt. CollinsUSA

Personalised recommendations