The Central Amazon Floodplain

Ecology of a Pulsing System

  • Wolfgang J. Junk

Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 126)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages I-XXIII
  2. Introductory Remarks

  3. The Physical and Chemical Environment

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 21-21
    2. Karin Furch, Wolfgang J. Junk
      Pages 69-108
    3. Gerhard E. Weber
      Pages 109-117
    4. Jürgen Kern, Assad Darwich
      Pages 119-135
    5. Reiner Wassmann, Christopher Martius
      Pages 137-143
  4. Plant Life in the Floodplain

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 145-145
    2. Wolfgang J. Junk, Maria Teresa F. Piedade
      Pages 147-185
    3. Rainer Putz, Wolfgang J. Junk
      Pages 207-222
    4. Martin Worbes
      Pages 223-265
    5. Christopher Martius
      Pages 267-276
  5. Animal Life in the Floodplain

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 277-277
    2. Wolfgang J. Junk, Barbara A. Robertson
      Pages 279-298
    3. Joachim Adis, Benjamin Messner
      Pages 319-330

About this book

Introduction

Floodplains are ecosystems which are driven by periodic inundation and oscillation between terrestrial and aquatic phases. An understanding of such pulsing systems is only possible by studying both phases and linking the results into an integrated overview.

This book presents the results of a 15-year study of the structure and function of one of the largest tropical floodplains, the Amazon River floodplain. It covers in 23 chapters hydrology, hydrochemistry, climatology, soil science, and the ecology of various groups of aquatic and terrestrial plants and animals. In the botanical section, emphasis is given to aquatic algae (phytoplankton and periphyton), aquatic macrophytes, terrestrial herbaceous plants and the floodplain forest. The zoological section covers common terrestrial invertebrates (i.e. spiders, collemboles, termites, oribatid mites, tiger beetles, millipedes), aquatic invertebrates (zooplankton, perizoon, benthos), fishes, birds, mammals, amphibians and reptiles. Data are presented on the biomass of plants and animals, on primary production and decomposition of algae, herbaceous plants and trees of the floodplain forest. The amounts of bioelements stored in different compartments of the system during the aquatic and the terrestrial phases are quantified and fluxes between the phases are described.
The authors interpret their findings and the most important data from other studies under an integrating scientific concept, the Flood Pulse Concept.

Keywords

Amazonas Flutpuls-Konzept amazon ecology ecosystem environment flood-pulse-concept floodplain nitrogen phytoplankton plankton rio negro Ökologie Überschwemmungsgebiet

Editors and affiliations

  • Wolfgang J. Junk
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für LimnologiePlönGermany

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-03416-3
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Springer Book Archive
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-08214-6
  • Online ISBN 978-3-662-03416-3
  • Series Print ISSN 0070-8356
  • About this book
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