Spider Ecophysiology

  • Wolfgang Nentwig

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-x
  2. Respiration and Circulatory System

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Christian S. Wirkner, Katarina Huckstorf
      Pages 15-27
  3. Locomotion and Dispersal

  4. Immune System and Pathogens

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 79-79
    2. Lucia Kuhn-Nentwig, Wolfgang Nentwig
      Pages 81-91
    3. Sara L. Goodacre, Oliver Y. Martin
      Pages 93-105
    4. Harry C. Evans
      Pages 107-121
  5. Chemical Communication and Reproduction

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 123-123
    2. Tereza Kořínková, Jiří Král
      Pages 159-171
    3. Peter Michalik, Elisabeth Lipke
      Pages 173-187
  6. Venom

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 189-189
    2. Wolfgang Nentwig, Lucia Kuhn-Nentwig
      Pages 191-202

About this book

Introduction

With over 43,000 species, spiders are the largest predacious arthropod group. They have developed key characteristics such as multi-purpose silk types, venoms consisting of hundreds of components, locomotion driven by muscles and hydraulic pressure, a highly evolved key-lock mechanism between the complex genital structures, and many more unique features. After 300 million years of evolutionary refinement, spiders are present in all land habitats and represent one of the most successful groups of terrestrial organisms.

Ecophysiology combines functional and evolutionary aspects of morphology, physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology with ecology. Cutting-edge science in spiders focuses on the circulatory and respiratory system, locomotion and dispersal abilities, the immune system, endosymbionts and pathogens, chemical communication, gland secretions, venom components, silk structure, structure and perception of colours as well as nutritional requirements. Spiders are valuable indicator species in agroecosystems and for conservation biology. Modern transfer and application technologies research spiders and their products with respect to their value for biomimetics, material sciences, and the agrochemical and pharmaceutical industries.

Keywords

Animal venoms Arthropods Bio-monitoring Pheromones Silk

Editors and affiliations

  • Wolfgang Nentwig
    • 1
  1. 1.Inst. Ecology and EvolutionUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-33989-9
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-33988-2
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-33989-9
  • About this book