Steric Effects in the Chemisorption of Vibrationally Excited Methane on Nickel

  • Bruce L. Yoder

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xiii
  2. Bruce L. Yoder
    Pages 1-18
  3. Bruce L. Yoder
    Pages 19-49
  4. Bruce L. Yoder
    Pages 147-160
  5. Back Matter
    Pages 161-175

About this book

Introduction

Bruce Yoder’s thesis outlines his investigation of the dissociative chemisorption of methane (CH4) on a nickel single crystal. In this work Bruce uses a molecular beam and infrared laser techniques to prepare methane in excited rovibrational states. The excited methane molecules are aligned relative to the target nickel surface. Bruce describes the discovery and exploration of a previously unknown steric effect in the dissociation reaction between a vibrationally excited methane molecule and a nickel crystal. From these studies we see that methane molecules are up to twice as reactive when the vibration is aligned parallel rather than perpendicular to the surface. This discovery will help guide the development of detailed predictive models of methane chemisorption, which in turn may lead to better catalysts for the synthesis of several industrially relevant chemicals, including hydrogen fuel from natural gas.

Keywords

alignment dependent reactivity dissociative chemisorption methane on nickel quantum state-resolved reactivity measurements stereodynamics of vibrationally excited methane surface science

Authors and affiliations

  • Bruce L. Yoder
    • 1
  1. 1.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Bibliographic information

  • DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27679-8
  • Copyright Information Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012
  • Publisher Name Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
  • eBook Packages Chemistry and Materials Science
  • Print ISBN 978-3-642-27678-1
  • Online ISBN 978-3-642-27679-8
  • About this book
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