Memory & Cognition

, Volume 46, Issue 6, pp 849–863 | Cite as

Don’t believe everything you hear: Routine validation of audiovisual information in children and adults

  • Benjamin A. Piest
  • Maj-Britt Isberner
  • Tobias Richter


Previous research has shown that the validation of incoming information during language comprehension is a fast, efficient, and routine process (epistemic monitoring). Previous research on this topic has focused on epistemic monitoring during reading. The present study extended this research by investigating epistemic monitoring of audiovisual information. In a Stroop-like paradigm, participants (Experiment 1: adults; Experiment 2: 10-year-old children) responded to the probe words correct and false by keypress after the presentation of auditory assertions that could be either true or false with respect to concurrently presented pictures. Results provide evidence for routine validation of audiovisual information. Moreover, the results show a stronger and more stable interference effect for children compared with adults.


Validation Epistemic Stroop effect Epistemic monitoring Audiovisual information Language comprehension 



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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin A. Piest
    • 1
  • Maj-Britt Isberner
    • 2
  • Tobias Richter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology IVUniversity of WürzburgWürzburgGermany
  2. 2.University of KasselKasselGermany

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