Advertisement

The Metascientific and Philosophical Bases of Information Ethics

  • V. A. Kanke
General Section

Abstract

The development of axiological theories posed an acute problem of their enrichment with an ethical component. A method for transferring ethics to the scientific field is shown, which consists of including the concept of maximizing the well-being of all people affected by any situation in all axiological theories. As a formal science, informatics does not contain the ethical concept of maximizing well-being itself; however, due to its engagement in cross-disciplinary relationships with all axiological sciences, it possesses an exclusively relevant ethical relativity. Determining the metascientific bases of the ethical relativity of informatics provides opportunities for its multifaceted study from the viewpoint of science instead of poorly understood metaphysics.

Keywords

metascience ethics computer and information ethics ethical relativity of informatics 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Gödel, K., On undecidable propositions of formal mathematical systems, in The Undecidable, Davis, M., Ed., New York: Raven, 1965, pp. 41–74.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Church, A., An unsolvable problem of elementary number theory, Am. J. Math., 1936, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 345–363.MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Turing, A.M., On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem, Proc. London Math. Soc., Ser. 2, 1936–1937, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 230–265.MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Moor, J.H., What is computer ethics, Metaphilosophy, 1985, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 266–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Capurro, R., Informationsethik—Eine Standortbestimmung, Int. J. Inf. Ethics, 2004, vol. 1, no. 6, pp. 4–10.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Introna, L.D., Maintaining the reversibility of foldings: Making the ethics (politics) of information technology visible, Ethics Inf. Technol., 2007, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 11–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gorniak, K., The computer revolution and the problem of global ethics, Sci. Eng. Ethics, 1996, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 177–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Floridi, L., Information ethics: On the philosophical foundation of computer ethics, Ethics Inf. Technol., 1999, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 37–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bentham, J., An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1907.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wittgenstein, L., Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, New York: Dover Publication, Inc., 1999.zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ayer, A.J., Language, Truth and Logic, London: V. Gollancz, ltd., 1936.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Stevenson, C.L., Ethics and Language, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1944.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hare, R.M., The Language of Morals, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1952.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Scheler, M., Der Formalismus in der Ethik und die materiale Wertethik, Halle a. d. Saale: Verlag Niemeyer, 1916.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Habermas, J., Moralbewuβtsein und kommunikatives Handeln, Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1983.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Critchley, S., The Ethics of Deconstruction: Derrida and Levinas, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2014, 3rd ed.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kanke, V.A., Metascientific and philosophical reasons to define the status of computer science, Autom. Doc. Math. Linguist., 2017, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 101–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    2018 ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct: Draft 2. https://ethics.acm.org/2018-code-draft-2/. Accessed November 1, 2017.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Allerton Press, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute)MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations