Water deficit is a most limiting factor for wheat in rain-fed agricultural systems worldwide. The effects of drought stress on some root features and yield and yield components in wheat (Trticum aestivum L.) were carried out in a factorial experiment based on completely randomized design, under greenhouse condition. The four experimental irrigation regimes, irrigation after 75% of the water was depleted (control), irrigation after 65% of the water was depleted (mild stress), irrigation after 55% of the water was depleted (moderate stress) and irrigation after 45% of the water was depleted (severe stress) were randomized for the main plots. The subplot treatments included eight wheat genotypes. Results showed that Interaction Drought stress with Variety had significantly affected on Total Root Volume and Dry Matter, Number of Tiller and also Shoot Dry Matter. Value of Total Root Volume and Dry Matter, Shoot Dry Matter and Number of Tiller in irrigated varieties were more than rainfed in whole of Drought stresses. N-87-20 variety had most amounts of Total Root Dry Matter, Total Root Volume (exception of control) in all of stresses and control. Root properties influence on yield and other morphological traits of wheat. Stress intensification increase root growth than plant organ so that wheat root can uptake water from soil to compensate damage caused by stress.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Ahmadizadeh, M., Shahbazi, H. 2012. Assessment relationship between agro-morphological traits and grain yield in bread wheat genotypes under drought stress condition. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 11(35):8698–8704.
Atta, B.M., Mahmood, T., Trethowan, T.M. 2013. Relationship between root morphology and grain yield of wheat in north-western NSW, Australia. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 7(13):2108.
Budak, H., Kantar, M., Kurtoglu, K.Y. 2013. Drought Tolerance in Modern and Wild Wheat. The Scientific World Journal, Review Article. 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/548246
Cuenca, R.H. 1989. Irrigation system design–an engineering approach, 1st edn. Prentice Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, p. 552.
Dolatabadian, A., Sanavy, S.A.M.M., Ghanati, F., Gresshoff, P.M. 2012. Morphological and physiological response of soybean treated with the microsymbiont Bradyrhizobium japonicum pre-incubated with genistein. S. Afr. J. Bot. 79:9–18.
Ehdaie, B., Layne, A.P., Waines, J.G. 2012. Root system plasticity to drought influences grain yield in bread wheat. Euphytica 186:219–232.
Fang, Y., Du, Y., Wang, J., Wu, A., Qiao, S., Xu, B., Chen, Y. 2017. Moderate drought stress affected root growth and grain yield in old, modern and newly released cultivars of winter wheat. Front. Plant Sci. 8(672): 1–14 doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.00672.
Farooq, M., Hussain, M., Kadambot. H., Siddiqe, M. 2014. Drought stress in wheat during flowering and grain filling periods. Crit. Rev. Plant Sci. 33:331–349.
Guendouz, A., Djoudi, M., Guessoum, S., Maamri, K., Hannachi, A., Fellahi, Z., Hafsi, M. 2014. Genotypic and phenotypic correlations among yield and yield components in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) under different water treatments in Eastern Algeria. Annual Research & Review in Biology 4(2):432–442.
Hayat, Sh., Hayat, Q., Nasser Alyemeni, Shafi Wani, A., Pichtel, J., Ahmad, A. 2012. Role of proline under changing environments. Plant Signal Behav. 7(11):1456–1466.
Hosseini, M., Movahedi Naeini, S.A.R., Dehghani, A.A., Khaledian, Y. 2016. Estimation of soil mechanical resistance parameter by using particle swarm optimization, genetic algorithm and multiple regression methods. Soil and Tillage Research 157:32–42.
Kano, M., Inukai, Y., Kitano, H., Yamauchi, A. 2011. Root plasticity as the key root trait for adaptation to various intensities of drought stress in rice. Plant Soil 342:117–128.
Keshavarza, H., Sadegh Ghol Moghadamm, R. 2017. Seed priming with cobalamin (vitamin B12) provides significant protection against salinity stress in the common bean. Rhizosphere 3:143–149.
Khakwani, A.A., Dennett, M.D., Munir, M., Abid, M. 2012. Growth and yield response of wheat varieties to water stress at booting and anthesis stages of development. Pak. J. Bot. 44(3):879–886.
Learnmore, M., Shimelis, H., Dube, E., Laing, M.D., Tsilo, T. 2016. Breeding wheat for drought tolerance: Progress and technologies. Journal of Integrative Agriculture 15(5):935–943.
Leilah, A.A., Alkhateeb, S.A. 2005. Statistical analysis of wheat yield under drought conditions. J. Arid Environ. 61:483–496.
Lonbani, M., Arzani, A. 2011. Morpho-physiological traits associated with terminal drought stress tolerance in triticale and wheat. Agronomy Research 9(1–2):315–329.
Othmani, A., Rezgui, M., Cherif, S., Mouelhi, M., Melki, M. 2015. Effects of water regimes on root and shoot growth parameters and agronomic traits of Tunisian durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.). J. New Sci. Agric. Biotechnol. 18:695–702.
Palta, J.A., Chen, X., Milroy, S.P., Rebetzke, G.J., Dreccer, M.F., Watt, M. 2011. Large root systems: are they useful in adapting wheat to dry environments? Funct. Plant Biol. 38:347–354.
Placido, D.F., Campbell, M.T., Folsom, J.J., Cui, X., Kruger, G.R., Baenziger, P.S., Walia, G. 2013. Introgression of novel traits from a wild wheat relative improves drought adaptation in wheat. Plant Physiol. 161:1806–1819.
Reynolds, M.P., Mujeeb-Kazi, A., Sawkins, M. 2005. Prospects for utilising plant-adaptive mechanisms to improve wheat and other crops in drought- and salinity-prone environments. Ann. Appl. Biol. 146:239–259.
Sun, Y.Y., Wang, X.L., Wang, N., Chen, Y.L., Zhang, S.Q. 2014. Changes in the yield and associated photosynthetic traits of dry-land winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) from the 1940s to the 2010s in Shaanxi Province of China. Field Crops Res. 167:1–10.
Wasson, A.P., Richards, R.A., Chatrath, R., Misra, S.C., Prasad, S.V.S., Rebetzke, G.J., Kirkegaard, J.A., Christopher, J., Watt, M. 2012. Traits and selection strategies to improve root systems and water uptake in water-limited wheat crops. J. Exp. Bot. 63:3485–3498.
Zarei, L., Cheghamirza, K., Farshadfar, E. 2013. Evaluation of grain yield and some agronomic characters in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L.) under rainfed conditions. Aust. J. Crop Sci. 7(5):609–617.
Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Cheng, M., Jiang, H., Zhang, X., Peng, C., Jin, J. 2018. Effect of drought on agronomic traits of rice and wheat: A meta-analysis. Int. J. Env. Res. Pub. He. 15(5):1–14.
Zhu, L., Zhang, D.Y. 2013. Donald’s Ideotype and growth redundancy: A pot experimental test using an old and a modern spring wheat cultivar. PLoS One 8(7):e70006.
Communicated by A. Goyal
Electronic supplementary material
About this article
Cite this article
Pouri, K., Mardeh, A., Sohrabi, Y. et al. Crop Phenotyping for Wheat Yield and Yield Components against Drought Stress. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 47, 383–393 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1556/0806.47.2019.05
- drought stress