Crop Phenotyping for Wheat Yield and Yield Components against Drought Stress

Abstract

Water deficit is a most limiting factor for wheat in rain-fed agricultural systems worldwide. The effects of drought stress on some root features and yield and yield components in wheat (Trticum aestivum L.) were carried out in a factorial experiment based on completely randomized design, under greenhouse condition. The four experimental irrigation regimes, irrigation after 75% of the water was depleted (control), irrigation after 65% of the water was depleted (mild stress), irrigation after 55% of the water was depleted (moderate stress) and irrigation after 45% of the water was depleted (severe stress) were randomized for the main plots. The subplot treatments included eight wheat genotypes. Results showed that Interaction Drought stress with Variety had significantly affected on Total Root Volume and Dry Matter, Number of Tiller and also Shoot Dry Matter. Value of Total Root Volume and Dry Matter, Shoot Dry Matter and Number of Tiller in irrigated varieties were more than rainfed in whole of Drought stresses. N-87-20 variety had most amounts of Total Root Dry Matter, Total Root Volume (exception of control) in all of stresses and control. Root properties influence on yield and other morphological traits of wheat. Stress intensification increase root growth than plant organ so that wheat root can uptake water from soil to compensate damage caused by stress.

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Correspondence to A. Sio-Se Mardeh.

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Communicated by A. Goyal

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Pouri, K., Mardeh, A., Sohrabi, Y. et al. Crop Phenotyping for Wheat Yield and Yield Components against Drought Stress. CEREAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS 47, 383–393 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1556/0806.47.2019.05

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Keywords

  • drought stress
  • variety
  • root
  • yield