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Critical Care

, 19:P105 | Cite as

Adequate initial antimicrobial therapy as the factor assessing treatment efficacy in human septic shock

  • P Szturz
  • P Folwarczny
  • J Švancara
  • R Kula
  • P Ševèík
Open Access
Poster presentation
  • 205 Downloads

Keywords

Septic Shock Severe Sepsis Antimicrobial Therapy Fluid Resuscitation Microbial Culture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Introduction

The early identification of severe sepsis and septic shock and early implementation of the SSC bundles were associated with reduced mortality [1]. The failure to initiate appropriate antimicrobial therapy increased mortality of septic shock patients [2]. We hypothesized that the parameter 'Consensus initial antimicrobial therapy with microbial cultures' correlates with outcome of septic shock patients.

Methods

We analyzed 535 consecutive patients with septic shock (sepsis-induced hypotension persisting despite adequate fluid resuscitation) from the EPOSS database (Data-based Evaluation and Prediction of Outcome in Severe Sepsis), which was developed to monitor and assess treatment efficacy in patient with severe sepsis and septic shock. Patients were admitted to participating ICUs (12 hospitals - 17 high-volume care units) in the Czech Republic from 1 January 2011 to 5 November 2013. Patients were divided into two groups: survivors (n = 274) and nonsurvivors (n = 261).

Results

Survivors versus nonsurvivors were similar in: age 65.8 (64.2; 67.5) versus 66.5 (64.7; 68.3) P = 0.583, men 159 (58.0%) versus 160 (62.0%) P = 0.376, APACHE II score 27 (15 to 40) versus 28 (15 to 40) P = 0.737. Statistically significant differences between survivors versus nonsurvivors were found in the parameter 'Consensus initial antimicrobial therapy with microbial cultures' 178 (79.5%) versus 128 (58.4%) P < 0.001 and in the parameter 'Administration antimicrobials within the first hour' 163 (59.9%) versus 171 (70.7%) P = 0.001. Administration of 30 ml/kg crystalloid for hypotension or lactate 4 mmol/l (3 hours) and application of vasopressors (6 hours) were in both groups without statistically significant differences.

Conclusion

We found that correct choice of antibiotics improves outcome of septic shock patients. The choice of empirical antimicrobial therapy depends on complex factors related to the underlying disease, susceptibility of pathogens, patient's history and clinical syndrome. Adequate initial antimicrobial therapy as an important factor of survival along with suitable initial fluid resuscitation and application of vasopressors should be a priority for healthcare in human septic shock.

References

  1. 1.
    Dellinger RP, et al: Crit Care Med. 2013, 41: 580-637. 10.1097/CCM.0b013e31827e83af.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kumar A, et al: Crit Care Med. 2006, 34: 1589-96. 10.1097/01.CCM.0000217961.75225.E9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Szturz et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Authors and Affiliations

  • P Szturz
    • 1
  • P Folwarczny
    • 1
  • J Švancara
    • 2
  • R Kula
    • 1
  • P Ševèík
    • 1
  1. 1.University Hospital and Faculty of Medicine Ostrava UniversityOstravaCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Biostatistic and AnalysesMasaryk UniversityBrnoCzech Republic

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