1054 Noninvasive Qp/Qs ratio measurement with phase-contrast cine MRI in patients with atrial septal defect: comparison with heart catheterization

  • Amedeo Chiribiri
  • Laura Rizzo
  • Maria Cristina Marocco
  • Marco Allasia
  • Rodolfo Bonamini
  • Fulvio Orzan
  • Cesare Fava
  • Gian Paolo Trevi
Open Access
Meeting abstract
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Keywords

Public Health Blood Flow Regression Analysis Correlation Analysis Method Comparison 

Introduction

Blood flow can be quantified noninvasively by phase-contrast cine MRI (PC-MRI) in adults. Little is known about the accuracy of this measurement in patients with known atrial septal defect.

Purpose

Aim of the study was to compare the results of PC-Mri with heart catheterization

Methods

In 25 patients with a type-II atrial septal defect, blood flow rate in the great vessels was determined by 1 Tesla PC-MRI and the ratio of pulmonary to aortic flow (Qp/Qs) was compared with Qp/Qs by oximetry requiring heart catheterization, performed before of an attempt of percutaneous closure of the defect.

Results

The interval between measurements was 11 ± 18 days (range 1–78 days). Mean Qp was 9.2 ± 3.3 l/min with PC-MRI, and 8.6 ± 4 l/min with catheterization (p = 0.57). Mean Qs was 4.8 ± 1.6 l/min with PC-MRI, and 4.5 ± 1.3 l/min with catheterization (p = 0.46). Qp/Qs ratio was 1.99 ± 0.72 with PC-MRI, and 1.96 ± 0.96 with catheterization (p = 0.92).

The correlation analysis showed a good overlap between measurements (Qp: r = 0.65, p = 0.0004; Qs: r = 0.64, p = 0.0005; Qp/Qs ratio: r = 0.68, p = 0.0002), also confirmed by regression analysis (R2 = 0.42, p < 0.001 for Qp; R2 = 0.41, p = 0.001 for QS; R2 = 0.46, p < 0.001 for Qp/Qs ratio), and by the Bland-Altman statistical analysis for method comparison (see Figure 1). The interobserver variability was low.

Figure 1

Conclusion

Determination of Qp/Qs ratio by PC-MRI is quick, safe, and reliable compared with oximetry. This noninvasive method could be used to quantify the interatrial shunt in patients with known atrial septal type-II defect, in order to demonstrate hemodinamic importance of the defect, and to reduce the need for time-consuming diagnostic heart catheterization.

Copyright information

© Chiribiri et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amedeo Chiribiri
    • 1
  • Laura Rizzo
    • 1
  • Maria Cristina Marocco
    • 1
  • Marco Allasia
    • 1
  • Rodolfo Bonamini
    • 1
  • Fulvio Orzan
    • 1
  • Cesare Fava
    • 1
  • Gian Paolo Trevi
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Torino, ItalyTorinoItaly

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