The European Physical Journal B

, Volume 69, Issue 1, pp 93–100 | Cite as

Stochastic and coherence resonance in lasers: homoclinic chaos and polarization bistability

Topical issue on Stochastic Resonance


We report Stochastic Resonance and Coherence Resonance phenomena in experiments using CO2 lasers. First, we consider a polarized laser with feedback; for suitable feedback parameters, the laser intensity undergoes homoclinic chaos consisting in the return to a saddle focus, where noise controls the permanence time around the saddle. Second, we discuss a quasi-isotropic laser where noise induces switching between two intensity components with mutually orthogonal polarization.


05.40.Ca Noise 42.60.Mi Dynamical laser instabilities; noisy laser behavior 42.65.Sf Dynamics of nonlinear optical systems; optical instabilities, optical chaos and complexity, and optical spatio-temporal dynamics 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. R. Benzi, R. Parisi, A. Sutera, A. Vulpiani, Tellus 34, 10 (1982)Google Scholar
  2. L. Gammaitoni, P. Hanggi, P. Jung, F. Marchesoni, Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 223 (1998)Google Scholar
  3. A. Bulsara, L. Gammaitoni, Physics Today 49, 39 (1996)Google Scholar
  4. A. Pikovsky, J. Kurths, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 775 (1997)Google Scholar
  5. F.T. Arecchi, R. Meucci, W. Gadomski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2205 (1987); for further references on this subject, see: F.T. Arecchi, R. Meucci, Scholarpedia 3, 7066 (2008)Google Scholar
  6. L.P. Shilnikov, Sov. Math. Dokl. 6, 163 (1965)Google Scholar
  7. A.N. Pisarchick, R. Meucci, F.T. Arecchi, Phys. Rev. E 62, 8823 (2000); A.N. Pisarchik, R. Meucci, F.T. Arecchi, Eur. Phys. J. D 13, 385 (2000)Google Scholar
  8. E. Allaria, F.T. Arecchi, A. Di Garbo, R. Meucci, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 791 (2001)Google Scholar
  9. L. Gammaitoni, F. Marchesoni, S. Santucci, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1052 (1995)Google Scholar
  10. F. Marino et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 040601 (2002)Google Scholar
  11. C.S. Zhou et al., Phys. Rev. E 67, 015205(R) (2003); C.S. Zhou et al., Phys. Rev. E 67, 066220 (2003)Google Scholar
  12. N.B. Abraham, M.D. Matlin, R.S. Gioggia, Phys. Rev. A 53, 3514 (1996)Google Scholar
  13. G.P. Puccioni, M.V. Trantnik, J.E. Sipe, G.L. Oppo, Opt. Lett. 12, (1987)Google Scholar
  14. G.P. Puccioni, G.L. Lippi, N.B. Abraham, Opt. Commun. 72, 361 (1989)Google Scholar
  15. N.B. Abraham, E. Arimondo, M. San Miguel, Opt. Commun. 117, 344 (1995)Google Scholar
  16. For a review see: G.M. Stephan, A.D. May, Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 10, 19 (1998)Google Scholar
  17. Yu.V. Loiko, A.M. Kulminskii, A.P. Voitovich, Opt. Commun. 210, 121 (2000)Google Scholar
  18. M.D. Matlin, R.S. Gioggia, N.B. Abraham, P. Glorieux, T. Crawford, Opt. Commun. 120, 204 (1995)Google Scholar
  19. C. Serrat, R. Vilaseca, G.J. de Valcarcel, E. Roldan, Phys. Rev. A 56, 2327 (1997)Google Scholar
  20. Shulian Zhang, Ligang Fei, Opt. Eng. 45, 114201 (2006)Google Scholar
  21. I. Leyva, E. Allaria, R. Meucci, Opt. Commun. 217, 335 (2003)Google Scholar
  22. I. Leyva, E. Allaria, R. Meucci, Phys. Rev. A 68, 053806 (2003)Google Scholar
  23. R. Meucci, F. Salvadori, I. Leyva, I.P. Marino, K. Al. Naimee, M. Capo, Opt. Commun. 268, 169 (2006)Google Scholar
  24. I.P. Marino, K. Al Naimee, F. Salvadori, M. Capo, R. Meucci, F. Arecchi, Opt. Commun. 276, 272 (2007)Google Scholar
  25. G. Giacomelli et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3298 (2000)Google Scholar
  26. K. Al Naimee, I. Leyva, I.P. Marino, R. Meucci, F.T. Arecchi, Phys. Rev. A 77, 063803 (2008)Google Scholar
  27. F.T. Arecchi, R. Meucci, J. Tredicce, G.P. Puccioni, Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1217(1982)Google Scholar
  28. R. Meucci, E. Allaria, F. Salvadori, F.T. Arecchi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 184101 (2005)Google Scholar
  29. C. Grebogi, E. Ott, J.A. Yorke, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1507 (1982)Google Scholar
  30. F.T. Arecchi, R. Badii, A. Politi, Phys. Rev. A 29, 1006 (1984); F.T. Arecchi, R. Badii, A. Politi, Phys. Rev. A 32, 402 (1985)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© EDP Sciences, SIF, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNR Instituto Nazionale di Ottica ApplicataFirenzeItaly
  2. 2.Dept. of Physics, University of FirenzeFirenzeItaly

Personalised recommendations