Advertisement

Development

, Volume 58, Issue 4, pp 473–491 | Cite as

Can the SDGs Promote Structural Transformation in Africa? An Empirical Analysis

  • Bartholomew Armah
  • Seung-Jin Baek
Thematic Section
  • 91 Downloads

Abstract

The adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015 has refocused global attention on the centrality of sustainability to the development discourse. Meanwhile, African countries are prioritizing structural transformation in their national and continental development programmes to promote employment through commodity-based industrialization. How will efforts to promote economic, social and environmental sustainability influence Africa’s agenda for structural transformation? Using panel data for of 29 African countries for the period 1995–2011, this article empirically analyzes the impact of economic, social and environmental sustainability on structural transformation in Africa. Our findings indicate that structural transformation is optimized when policy interventions adopt an integrated approach to sustainable development that takes into account all of its dimensions.

Keywords

sustainable development structural transformation panel data factor analysis Africa 

References

  1. Acemoglu, Daron and James Robinson (2012) Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty. New York: Crown Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  2. AfDB (African Development Bank) (2012) ‘Income Inequality in Africa’, Briefing Note 5. Available from: http://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Policy-Documents/FINAL%20Briefing%20Note%205%20Income%20Inequality%20in%20Africa.pdf, accessed 10 November 2015.
  3. Aghion, Philippe and Patrick Bolton (1992) ‘Distribution and growth in models of imperfect capital markets’, European Economic Review 36(3): 603–611.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Akbar, Atif, Muhammad Imdadullah, Muhammad Aman Ullah and Muhammad Aslam (2011) ‘Determinants of economic growth in Asian countries: a panel data perspective’, Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences 31(1): 145–157.Google Scholar
  5. Akbarzadeh, Marzieh, Zahra Yazdanpanahi, Ladan Zarshenas and Farkhondeh Sharif (2016) ‘The women’s perceptions about unwanted pregnancy: a qualitative study in Iran’, Global Journal of Health Science 8(5): 189–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Armah, Bartholomew, Mama Keita, Aissatou Gueye, Valerio Bosco, Judith Ameso and Ziv Chinzara (2014) ‘Structural transformation for inclusive development in Africa: the role of active government policies’, Development 57(3–4), 438–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. AUC (African Union Commission) (2014) ‘Agenda 2063: the Africa we want’. Addis Ababa: AUC.Google Scholar
  8. Baltagi, Badi H. (2013) Econometric analysis of panel data, fifth ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  9. Banerjee, Abhijit V. and Andrew F. Newman. (1993) ‘Occupational Choice and the Process of Development’, Journal of Political Economy 101(2): 274–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bond, Stephen R. (2002) ‘Dynamic panel data models: a guide to micro data methods and practice’, Portuguese Economic Journal 1(2): 141–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bugaje, I.M. (2006) ‘Renewable energy for sustainable development in Africa: a review’, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 10(6): 603–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Calderón, César and Lin Liu (2003) ‘The direction of causality between financial development and economic growth’, Journal of Development Economics 72(1): 321–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cetorelli, Nicola and Michele Gambera (1999) ‘Banking market structure, financial dependence and growth: international evidence from industry data’, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago Working Paper WP-99-8.Google Scholar
  14. Chang, Yu Sang and Seung-Jin Baek (2010) ‘Limit to improvement: myth or reality? Empirical analysis of historical improvement on three technologies influential in the evolution of civilization’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change 77(5): 712–729.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Christiaensen, Luc, Lionel Demery and Jesper Kuhl (2011) ‘The (evolving) role of agriculture in poverty reduction - an empirical perspective’, Journal of Development Economics 98(2): 239–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Collier, Paul and Anthony J. Venables (2012) ‘Greening Africa? Technologies, endowments and the latecomer effect’, Energy economics 34: S75-S84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Dabla-Norris, Era, Alun Thomas, Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu and Yingyuan Chen (2013) ‘Benchmarking structural transformation across the world’, IMF Working Paper WP/13/176.Google Scholar
  18. Dempster, Arthur P., Nan M. Laird and Donald B. Rubin (1977) ‘Maximum likelihood from incomplete data via the EM algorithm’, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B (Methodological) 39(1): 1–38.Google Scholar
  19. ECA (Economic Commission for Africa) (2011) ‘Assessing Progress towards the Millennium Development Goals’. Addis Ababa: ECA.Google Scholar
  20. ECA (2014) ‘Assessing Progress towards the Millennium Development Goals’. Addis Ababa: ECA.Google Scholar
  21. ECA and AUC (2012) ‘Economic Report on Africa 2012: Unleashing Africa’s Potential as a Pole of Economic Growth’. Addis Ababa: ECA.Google Scholar
  22. ECA, AUC, AfDB and UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) (2015) ‘MDG Report 2015 - assessing progress in Africa toward the Millennium Development Goals: lessons learned in implementing the MDGs’. Addis Ababa: ECA.Google Scholar
  23. Ehrhart, Christophe (2009) ‘The effects of inequality on growth: A survey of the theoretical and empirical literature’, ECINEQ WP-107.Google Scholar
  24. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) (2015) FAO Statistics Division Database. Available from: http://faostat3.fao.org, accessed 10 November 2015.
  25. Fayissa, Bichaka (2001) ‘The determinants of infant and child mortality in developing countries: the case of sub-Sahara Africa’, Review of Black Political Economy 29(2): 83–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Field, Andy (2000) Discovering statistics using SPSS for Windows: Advanced techniques for the beginner. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  27. Foody, Giles M. (2003) ‘Remote sensing of tropical forest environments: towards the monitoring of environmental resources for sustainable development’, International Journal of Remote Sensing 24(20): 4035–4046.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Giddings, Bob, Bill Hopwood and Geoff O’Brien (2002) ‘Environment, economy and society: fitting them together into sustainable development’, Sustainable Development 10(4): 187–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Gorsuch, Richard L. (1983) Factor analysis, 2nd ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  30. Grossman, Gene M, and Alan B. Krueger (1995) ‘Economic growth and the environment’, Quarterly Journal of Economics 110: 353–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hsiao, Cheng (2014) Analysis of panel data, 3rd ed. London: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. ILO (International Labour Office) (2014) Trends Econometric Models. Geneva: ILO.Google Scholar
  33. IMF (International Monetary Fund) (2015) World Economic Outlook Database. Available from: http://www.imf.org/external/ns/cs.aspx?id=28, accessed 10 November 2015.
  34. Jain, Anrudh K. (1985) ‘The impact of development and population policies on fertility in India’, Studies in Family Planning 16(4): 181–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Jarvis, Sarah and Stephen Jenkins (1998) ‘How much income mobility is there in Britain?’, The Economic Journal 108(447): 428–443.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Katukiza, Alex Yasoni, Mariska Ronteltap, Albert Oleja, Charles B. Niwagaba, Franck Kansiime and Piet N.L. Lens (2010) ‘Selection of sustainable sanitation technologies for urban slums - a case of Bwaise III in Kampala, Uganda’, Science of the Total Environment 409(1): 52–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Kelbore, Zerihun Getachew (2014) ‘Multidimensional structural transformation index: a new measure of development’, MPRA Paper No. 62920.Google Scholar
  38. Kenney, Gerard I. (1995) ‘The missing link – information’, Information Technology for Development 6(1): 33–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kibret, Addis, Hinsermu Bayu and Mulualem Merga (2014) ‘Prevalence of unintended pregnancy and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Debre-markos Town, North West Ethiopia 2012’, Journal of Women’s Health Care 4(3): 1–6.Google Scholar
  40. Klima, Carrie S. (1998) ‘Unintended pregnancy: consequences and solutions for a worldwide problem’, Journal of Nurse-Midwifery 43(6): 483–491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kuznets, Simon (1955) ‘Economic growth and income inequality’, American Economic Review (49): 1–28.Google Scholar
  42. LDC IV Monitor (2015) ‘Istanbul Programme of Action for the LDCs (2011–2020): monitoring deliverables, tracking progress - analytical perspectives’. London: Commonwealth Secretariat.Google Scholar
  43. Mansell, Robin and Uta Wehn (1998) Knowledge societies: Information technology for sustainable development. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  44. McQueston, Kate, Amanda Glassman and Rachel Silverman (2012) ‘Adolescent fertility in low and middle-income countries: effects and solutions’, Centre for Global Development Working Paper 292.Google Scholar
  45. Morris, Morris David (1979) Measuring the condition of the world’s poor: the physical quality of life index. New York: Pergamon Press.Google Scholar
  46. Nurkse, Ragnar (1963). Les problèmes de la formation du capital dans les pays sous-développés. Traduction française, Paris: Editions Cujas.Google Scholar
  47. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) (2016) International Development Statistics Online Database. Available from: http://www.oecd.org/development/stats/idsonline.htm, accessed 6 March 2016.
  48. Osman, Rasha Hashim, Constantinos Alexiou and Persefoni Tsaliki (2012) ‘The role of institutions in economic development: evidence from 27 Sub-Saharan African countries’, International Journal of Social Economics 39(1/2): 142–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Perotti, Roberto (1996) ‘Growth, income distribution and democracy: what the data say’, Journal of Economic Growth 1(2): 149–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Piketty, Thomas (1997) ‘The Dynamics of the Wealth Distribution and the Interest Rate with Credit Rationing’, Review of Economic Studies 64(2): 173–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Political Risk Services Group (2015) International Country Risk Guide Database. Available from: http://www.prsgroup.com/ICRG.aspx, accessed 10 November 2015.
  52. Ray, Amal Kanti (2008) Measurement of social development: an international comparison, Social Indicators Research 86(1): 1–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Rodrik, Dani, Arvind Subramanian and Francesco Trebbi (2002) ‘Institutions rule: the primacy of institutions over geography and integration in economic development’, NBER Working Paper No. 9305. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
  54. Saltelli, Andrea (2007) ‘Composite indicators between analysis and advocacy’, Social Indicators Research 81(1): 65–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Simon, David (2013) ‘Climate and environmental change and the potential for greening African cities’, Local Economy 28(2): 203–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Stiglitz, Joseph E. (1996) ‘Some Lessons From The East Asian Miracle’, World Bank Research Observer 11(2): 151–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Timmer, C. Peter, Margaret McMillan Ousmane Badiane, Dani Rodrik, Hans Binswanger-Mkhize and Fleur Wouterse (2012) ‘Patterns of growth and structural transformation in Africa: Trends and lessons for future development strategies’, IFPRI Thematic Research Note 2.Google Scholar
  58. UN (United Nations) (1992) ‘Earth Summit, Agenda 21: The United Nations Programme of Action from Rio’. Available from: http://www.un.org/esa/dsd/agenda21, accessed 2 December 2015.
  59. UN (2001) ‘Indicators of sustainable development: framework and methodologies’, Division of Sustainable Development Background paper No. 3. New York: UN.Google Scholar
  60. UN (2008) ‘Measuring sustainable development’, Report of the joint UNECE/OECD/Eurostat Working Group on Statistics for Sustainable Development. New York: UN.Google Scholar
  61. UN (2015a) ‘Addis Ababa Action Agenda of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development’. Addis Ababa: UN.Google Scholar
  62. UN (2015b) ‘Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’. New York: UN.Google Scholar
  63. UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) (2015) ‘Building inclusive green economies in Africa: Experience and lessons learned 2010–2015’. Nairobi: UNEP.Google Scholar
  64. UNSD (United Nations Statistics Division) (2015) Millennium Development Goals Database. Available from: http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/default.aspx, accessed 10 November 2015.
  65. Veeman, Terrence S. and Jason Politylo (2003) ‘The role of institutions and policy in enhancing sustainable development and conserving natural capital’, Environment, Development and Sustainability 5(3): 317–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Vera, Ivanand and Lucille Langlois (2007) ‘Energy indicators for sustainable development’, Energy 32(6): 875–882.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. World Bank (2015) World Development Indicators Database. Available from: http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators, accessed 10 November 2015.
  68. World Bank (2016) World Development Indicators Database. Available from: http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators, accessed 5 April 2016.
  69. Zander, Peter and Harald Kächele (1999) ‘Modelling multiple objectives of land use for sustainable development’, Agricultural Systems 55: 311–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for International Development 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Macroeconomic Policy Division United Nations Economic Commission for AfricaAddis AbabaEthiopia

Personalised recommendations